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Where it was all started

Discussion in 'General Hardware' started by d44ve, May 11, 2007.

  1. d44ve New Member

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    [​IMG]
    Intel 4004
    Introduced November 15-16, 1971
    Clock speed 740 kHz
    0.06 MIPS
    Bus Width 4 bits (multiplexed address/data due to limited pins)
    PMOS
    Number of Transistors 2,300 at 10 µm
    Addressable Memory 640 bytes
    Program Memory 4 KiB
    One of the earliest Commercial Microprocessors (cf. Four Phase Systems AL1, F14 CADC)
    Originally designed to be used in Busicom calculator


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    Intel 8008
    Introduced April 1, 1974
    0.64 MIPS
    Bus Width 8 bits data, 16 bits address
    NMOS
    Addressable memory 64 KiB
    10X the performance of the 8008
    Used in the Altair 8800, Traffic light controller, cruise missile
    Required six support chips versus 20 for the 8008



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    Intel 8085
    Introduced March 1976
    Clock speed 5 MHz
    0.37 MIPS
    Bus Width 8 bits data, 16 bits address
    Number of Transistors 6,500 at 3 µm
    Assembly language downwards compatible with 8080.
    Used in Toledo scale. Also was used as a computer peripheral controller - modems, harddisks, etc...
    CMOS 80C85 in Mars Sojourner, Radio Shack Model 100 portable.
    High level of integration, operating for the first time on a single 5 volt power supply, from 12 volts previously. Also featured two serial I/O connection,3 maskable interupts,1 Non-maskable,1 programmable,status,DMA.




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    Intel 8086
    Introduced June 8, 1978
    Clock speeds:
    5 MHz with 0.33 MIPS
    8 MHz with 0.66 MIPS
    10 MHz with 0.75 MIPS
    The memory is divided into odd and even banks. It accesses both the banks simultaneuosly in order to read 16 bit of data in one clock cycle.
    Bus Width 16 bits data, 20 bits address
    Number of Transistors 29,000 at 3 µm
    Addressable memory 1 megabyte
    10X the performance of 8080
    Used in portable computing
    Used segment registers to access more than 64 KiB of data at once, bane of programmers' existence for years to come



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    Intel 80286, the last 16-bit CPU
    Introduced February 1, 1982
    Clock speeds:
    6 MHz with 0.9 MIPS
    8 MHz, 10 MHz with 1.5 MIPS
    12.5 MHz with 2.66 MIPS
    16 MHZ, 20MHz and 25MHz available.
    Bus Width 16 bits
    Included memory protection hardware to support multitasking operating systems with per-process address space
    Number of Transistors 134,000 at 1.5 µm
    Addressable memory 16 mebibytes
    Added protected-mode features to 8086 with essentially the same instruction set
    3-6X the performance of the 8086
    Widely used in PC clones at the time
    Can scan the Encyclopædia Britannica in 45 seconds




    [​IMG]
    Intel 80386, the first generation of Intel 32-bit CPU
    Introduced October 17, 1985
    Clock speeds:
    16 MHz with 5 to 6 MIPS
    20 MHz with 6 to 7 MIPS, introduced 16 February 1987
    25 MHz with 8.5 MIPS, introduced 4 April 1988
    33 MHz with 11.4 MIPS (9.4 SPECint92 on Compaq/i 16K L2), introduced 10 April 1989
    Bus Width 32 bits
    Number of Transistors 275,000 at 1 µm
    Addressable memory 4 gibibytes
    Virtual memory 64 tebibytes
    First x86 chip to handle 32-bit data sets
    Reworked and expanded memory protection support including paged virtual memory and virtual-86 mode, features required by Windows 95 and OS/2 Warp
    Used in Desktop computing
    Can address enough memory to manage an eight-page history of every person on earth
    Can scan the Encyclopædia Britannica in 12.5 seconds




    [​IMG]
    Intel 486
    Introduced April 10, 1989
    Clock speeds:
    25 MHz with 20 MIPS (16.8 SPECint92, 7.40 SPECfp92)
    33 MHz with 27 MIPS (22.4 SPECint92 on Micronics M4P 128 KiB L2), introduced 7 May 1990
    50 MHz with 41 MIPS (33.4 SPECint92, 14.5 SPECfp92 on Compaq/50L 256 KiB L2), introduced 24 June 1991
    Bus Width 32 bits
    Number of Transistors 1.2 million at 1 µm; the 50 MHz was at 0.8 µm
    Addressable memory 4 gibibytes
    Virtual memory 1 tebibyte
    Level 1 cache on chip
    Math coprocessor on chip
    50X performance of the 8088
    Used in Desktop computing and servers
    Family 4 model 3




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    Intel Pentium
    Bus width 64 bits
    System bus speed 60 or 66 MHz
    Address bus 32 bits
    Addressable Memory 4 gibibytes
    Virtual Memory 64 tebibytes
    Superscalar architecture brought 5X the performance of the 33 MHz 486DX processor
    Runs on 5 volts
    Used in desktops
    16 KiB of L1 cache
    P5 - 0.8 µm process technology




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    Intel Pentium Pro
    Introduced November 1995



    [​IMG]
    Intel Pentium MMX
    Introduced January 8, 1997
    Intel MMX instructions
    Socket 7 296/321 pin PGA (pin grid array) package
    32 KiB L1 cache
    Number of transistors 4.5 million
    System bus speed 66 MHz
    Basic P55C is family 5 model 4, mobile are family 5 model 7 and 8



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    Intel Pentium II
    Introduced May 7, 1997
    Pentium Pro with MMX and improved 16-bit performance
    242-pin Slot 1 (SEC) processor package
    Number of transistors 7.5 million
    32 KiB L1 cache
    512 KiB ½ speed external L2 cache
    The only Pentium II that did not have the cache at ½ speed of the core was the Pentium II 450 PE




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    Intel Celeron
    Introduced April 15, 1998
    242-pin Slot 1 SEPP (Single Edge Processor Package)
    Number of transistors 7.5 million
    66 MHz system bus speed
    32 KiB L1 cache
    No L2 cache




    [​IMG]
    Intel Pentium III
    Introduced February 26, 1999
    Improved PII, i.e. P6-based core, now including Streaming SIMD Extensions (SSE)
    Number of transistors 9.5 million
    512 KiB ½ speed L2 External cache
    242-pin Slot 1 SECC2 (Single Edge Contact cartridge 2) processor package
    System Bus Speed 100 MHz, 133 MHz (B-models)
    Family 6 model 7




    [​IMG]
    Intel Coppermine
    Introduced October 25, 1999
    Number of transistors 28.1 million
    256 KiB Advanced Transfer L2 Cache (Integrated)
    242-pin Slot-1 SECC2 (Single Edge Contact cartridge 2) processor package, 370-pin FC-PGA (Flip-chip pin grid array) package
    System Bus Speed 100 MHz (E-models), 133 MHz (EB models)
    Family 6 model 8




    [​IMG]
    Intel Pentium IV
    Introduced November 20, 2000
    L2 cache was 256 KiB Advanced Transfer Cache (Integrated)
    Processor Package Style was PGA423, PGA478
    System Bus Speed 400 MHz
    SSE2 SIMD Extensions
    Number of Transistors 42 million
    Used in desktops and entry-level workstations




    [​IMG]
    Intel Mobile Pentium II



    [​IMG]
    Intel Mobile Celeron




    [​IMG]
    Intel Mobile Pentium III




    [​IMG]
    Intel Pentium II Xeon





    [​IMG]
    Intel Pentium III Xeon
    Introduced October 25, 1999
    Number of transistors: 9.5 million at 0.25 µm or 28 million at 0.18 µm)
    L2 cache is 256 KiB, 1 MiB, or 2 MiB Advanced Transfer Cache (Integrated)
    Processor Package Style is Single Edge Contact Cartridge (S.E.C.C.2) or SC330
    System Bus Speed 133 MHz (256 KiB L2 cache) or 100 MHz (1 - 2 MiB L2 cache)
    System Bus Width 64 bit
    Addressable memory 64 gibibytes
    Used in two-way servers and workstations (256 KiB L2) or 4- and 8-way servers (1 - 2 MiB L2)
    Family 6 model 10




    [​IMG]
    Intel Xeon




    [​IMG]
    Intel Itanium
    Introduced 2001





    more to come in a second
     
    Last edited: May 11, 2007
    xubidoo, Azazel, freaksavior and 4 others say thanks.
  2. Grings

    Grings New Member

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    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]
    amd built chips for intel back then

    i cant find my old sigpic, damn
     
  3. GJSNeptune

    GJSNeptune New Member

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    Any way you could put the circa dates for each?
     
  4. d44ve New Member

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    sure... give me a minute, its lunch time
     
  5. d44ve New Member

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    Yeah, they were intel bitch..... still are. lol j/k
     
  6. DanTheBanjoman Señor Moderator

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    There is no such thing as a Pentium IV Xeon, the Pentium name got dropped after the P3 based Xeons.

    If you want dates just google.
     
  7. GJSNeptune

    GJSNeptune New Member

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    I'd rather he do it for me. :p
     
  8. ktr

    ktr

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    Intel Pentium Pro ftw...
     
  9. d44ve New Member

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    You are right... I wasnt paying attention. Thanks for the heads up
     
  10. Grings

    Grings New Member

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    [​IMG]

    hehehe amd spam
     
  11. pt

    pt not a suicide-bomber

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    :rockout: :rockout:
     
  12. DanTheBanjoman Señor Moderator

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    That 80286 info is actually the 8086.
     
  13. d44ve New Member

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    You killing me! lol

    At least someone is reading it =)

    and before you point it out... I fixed the 8008 & the 4004 =)
     
  14. d44ve New Member

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    OK... thats it for now.


    If you have anything you would like to add.... please let me know. I think this could be a informative thread
     
  15. yogurt_21

    yogurt_21

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    I like it, we should do similar ones for amd, ati and nvidia, would be nice to see the history of it all.
     
  16. d44ve New Member

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    I a working on an AMD one now...


    Problem is, I am not all that famlair with AMD and their chip history. I have used & owned almost everyone of these down to the 286
     
  17. yogurt_21

    yogurt_21

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    I've only run k6 and beyond, before that i was an intel guy. though I'll bet I can help find the info.
     
  18. WarEagleAU

    WarEagleAU Bird of Prey

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    so that is what the XP chips looked like in K7?
     
  19. d44ve New Member

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    I was going through my old threads and I forgot about this one....

    A lot of good information that I am sure people didnt see
     
  20. Grings

    Grings New Member

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    I recently acquired 7 pentium 2 chips (only 2 mobo's though), and an old dell server (poweredge 6300) with 4 p2xeons (400mhz each), im probably gonna give it all to a local charity (they give away/sell dirt cheap old 'internet capable' pc's), unless anyone has a better idea...
     
  21. marsey99

    marsey99

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    dave you want to update it with the c2d and do a seperate thread for the xeons.

    cool pics tho 133 mmx ftw :)

    my first proc it all ran passive and was still working last year when i gave it to a charity shop, i didnt have the hart to bin the old girl.
     
  22. panchoman

    panchoman Sold my stars!

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    me thinks this might be up for a sticky :toast: nice work guys.
     
  23. Ben Clarke

    Ben Clarke

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    My uncle could do with some for his band to do research on. And I could probably find a use for the others.
     
  24. 3991vhtes

    3991vhtes New Member

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    good job d44ve. You earned "3991's official most helpful post of the day" award.
     
  25. d44ve New Member

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    Thanks.... I did this back in MAY. I figured there had been some people that didnt see this yet
     

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