Test SetupAll measurements were performed using two Chroma 6314A mainframes equipped with the following electronic loads: six 63123A [350 W each], one 63102A [100 W x2], and one 63101A [200 W]. The aforementioned equipment is able to deliver 2500 W of load, and all loads are controlled by a custom-made software. We also used a Picoscope 3424 oscilloscope, a Picotech TC-08 thermocouple data logger, a Fluke 175 multimeter, and a Yokogawa WT210 power meter. We also included a wooden box, which, along with some heating elements, was used as a hot box. Finally, we had at our disposal four more oscilloscopes (Rigol 1052E and VS5042, Stingray DS1M12, a second Picoscope 3424), and a CEM DT-8852 sound level meter. In this article, you will find more details about our equipment and the review methodology we follow. Finally, we conduct all of our tests at 40 - 45°C ambient in order to simulate with higher accuracy the environment seen inside a typical system, with 40 - 45°C being derived from a standard ambient assumption of 23°C and 17 - 22°C being added for the typical temperature rise within a system.
Primary Rails Voltage RegulationThe following charts show the voltage values of the main rails, recorded over a range from 60W to the maximum specified load, and the deviation (in percent) for the same load range.
5VSB RegulationThe following chart shows how the 5VSB rail deals with the load we throw at it.
Hold-up TimeThe hold-up time is a very important characteristic of a PSU and represents the amount of time, usually measured in milliseconds, that a PSU can maintain output regulations as defined by the ATX spec without input power. In other words, it is the amount of time that the system can continue to run without shutting down or rebooting during a power interruption. The ATX spec sets the minimum hold-up time to 16 ms at maximum continuous output load. In the following screenshot, the blue line is the mains signal and the yellow line is the "Power Good" signal. The latter is de-asserted to a low state when any of the +12V, 5V, or 3.3V output voltages fall below the undervoltage threshold, or after the mains power has been removed for a sufficiently long time to guarantee that the PSU cannot operate anymore.
The hold-up time meets the requirements of the ATX spec by passing the 16 ms thershold, although only by a hair's breadth.
Inrush CurrentInrush current or switch-on surge refers to the maximum, instantaneous input-current drawn by an electrical device when first turned on. Because of the charging current of the APFC capacitor(s), PSUs produce large inrush-current right as they are turned on. Large inrush current can cause the tripping of circuit breakers and fuses and may also damage switches or relays; as a result, the lower the inrush current of a PSU right as they are turned on, the better.
Inrush current is quite high since the PSU's capacity asks for large APFC capacitors, and they draw a significant amount of current until they are fully charged during the start-up phase.
Voltage Regulation and Efficiency MeasurementsThe first set of tests revealed the stability of the voltage rails and the efficiency of the ZM1350. The applied load was equal to (approximately) 20%, 40%, 50%, 60%, 80%, 100% and 110% of the maximum load that the PSU can handle. In addition, we conducted two more tests. In the first test, we stressed the two minor rails (5V and 3.3V) with a high load while the load at +12V was only 2 A, and, in the second test, we dialed the maximum load that the +12V rail could handle while the load on the minor rails was minimal.
| Voltage Regulation & Efficiency Testing Data |
|Test||12 V||5 V||3.3 V||5VSB||Power|
|20% Load||20.275A||1.940A||1.979A||0.965A||269.72W||87.52%||3957 RPM||40.02°C||0.963|
|40% Load||40.997A||3.896A||3.982A||1.165A||539.59W||90.53%||3990 RPM||41.33°C||0.979|
|50% Load||51.286A||4.885A||4.992A||1.556A||674.52W||90.63%||3995 RPM||42.68°C||0.983|
|60% Load||61.597A||5.871A||6.006A||1.955A||809.30W||90.54%||4000 RPM||44.37°C||0.986|
|80% Load||82.512A||7.871A||8.047A||2.359A||1079.32W||89.78%||4000 RPM||46.46°C||0.989|
|100% Load||103.779A||8.884A||9.096A||4.035A||1349.19W||88.02%||4000 RPM||46.94°C||0.992|
|110% Load||114.320A||8.899A||9.117A||4.031A||1474.41W||87.68%||4000 RPM||47.15°C||0.993|
|Crossload 1||1.964A||20.009A||19.998A||0.501A||195.07W||77.88%||3980 RPM||44.89°C||0.956|
|Crossload 2||104.940A||1.000A||1.003A||1.003A||1283.19W||89.51%||4000 RPM||46.67°C||0.991|
The efficiency it registered during these tests is pretty high given that the PSU is 80 Plus Silver compliant. It even managed to surpass the 90% efficiency mark with a typical load, and worked flawlessly at 47°C ambient with 110% of its maximum-rated-capacity load, proving that it has a lot of potential. Voltage regulation is, general, good, although the unit failed to meet Silverstone's claim of a 1% deviation on all rails. Nevertheless, 1.48% deviation on the +12V rail of a 1350 W PSU is noteworthy. Another thing we noticed were its high PF readings throughout the 20-110% load range, which is an indication that the APFC circuit does its job well. Finally, as you can see, the fan operated at its full speed in almost all cases, which produced a hell of a noise. This PSU is definitely not for users that can't stand noise. It really does address highly overclocked systems that are already equipped with noisy components/fans.