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A Detailed Look Into PSUs

InnocentCriminal

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Seriously a great read and very informative.
 
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awesome article I look forward to reading it
 

Andrea87

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Great reading. Thanks.
 
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Awesome article... Very in depth and informative... Thank you :)
 
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Very informative article. Now I know some more things to look for in choosing the "perfect" power-supply (whenever I actually have enough money to buy more stuff to need a new PSU for lol)

BTW, I noticed some errors/typos on page 4:
-The APFC subheading has different opening/closing tags ([subheading][/heading]
-Second to last paragraph mentions PWM as "pulse mode modulation" but I think it's supposed to be "pulse width modulation"
-Last paragraph has one instance of "MOFETs" instead of "MOSFETs"
 

crmaris

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Thanks for pointing them. All fixed :)
 

Mussels

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great, this was badly needed
 
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Just finished reading, that was an excellent job :)
 

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i'm still reading it, most of it goes over my head.


that said, its still an excellent reference source when i want to look up one part of a PSU. already found some interesting information in there

for example
High efficiency power supplies use a relay that bypasses the thermistor after the PSU starts up, in order for the thermistor to cool down and operate normally in a hot switch restart (off/on) of the PSU. Also by bypassing the thermistor efficiency is improved a little bit since no energy is wasted by heating the resistor.
i've ran into some weird PSU's that only powered on from cold boots, but ran stable when they did. from your information i can assume that something was up with that thermistor bypass relay.
 

crmaris

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if you hear a clicking sound when the PSU starts then it's this relay. Almost all hi-end PSUs like Seasonic X series, Antec HCP etc. have one.
 

Mussels

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if you hear a clicking sound when the PSU starts then it's this relay. Almost all hi-end PSUs like Seasonic X series, Antec HCP etc. have one.
honestly never heard that before, but i havent listened for it either.
 

countcristo

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this was awesome

I feel more informed about modern power supply units than I did when my professor taught it. Thank you.
 

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Thank you. Thank you again thank you. Super article, just what I needed. I understood this better than my swedish electronic books. :roll:
 
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thanks for it................
 

LukcyYu

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how2 hook a car-amp @home?

Hello,

Really interesting article.

I have a question, what kind of PC PSU is the best for using with a car-audio amplifier @home? Well, I need ~70 amps in 12volts...

Thank you for your answers!
 

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Hello,

Really interesting article.

I have a question, what kind of PC PSU is the best for using with a car-audio amplifier @home? Well, I need ~70 amps in 12volts...

Thank you for your answers!
you just answered your own question. if you need 70A, buy one with 70A on the 12V rail.
 

newtekie1

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Hello,

Really interesting article.

I have a question, what kind of PC PSU is the best for using with a car-audio amplifier @home? Well, I need ~70 amps in 12volts...

Thank you for your answers!
I think a dedicated 12v supply would be a better option.

Mean Well probably makes something that will fit your needs.
 
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imho you are one of the best psu reviewers out there, keep up the good work :)
 

LukcyYu

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Hello everybody,

Completely strange things happens to me last week. And all this is about my PSU...

Long time ago, in the deep Internets of 2007 I found and ordered the HIPER "HPU-4S435", new one, not used.

All these days we made a good team, playing such hits as Orange Box and Deep Space. Well, everything was pretty nice but last week: my PSU begun to "smoke"... It works fine, but it smells Horribly BURNED (!) I disassembled it and well, I am able to localize the source of the toxic smells, but I am unable to identify the element neither his function and the reason of his malfunction:

IMG_20131214_210409 - Copy big.jpg
IMG_20131214_210522 - Copy.jpg IMG_20131214_210444 - Copy.jpg IMG_20131214_210421 - Copy.jpg IMG_20131214_210409 - Copy.jpg

The PC config was all time the same without modifs or overclock, the PSU was bought new.

"I pay taxes and go to church, WHY is this happening to me?"

Please somebody clarify the situation...

{The config: Asus M2A-VM, Athlon 64 X2, 2GB DDRII800, ASUS Radeon X1950PRO 256MB and THE Subject's PSU}

Thanks for any help! :)
 

Mussels

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Hello everybody,

Completely strange things happens to me last week. And all this is about my PSU...

Long time ago, in the deep Internets of 2007 I found and ordered the HIPER "HPU-4S435", new one, not used.

All these days we made a good team, playing such hits as Orange Box and Deep Space. Well, everything was pretty nice but last week: my PSU begun to "smoke"... It works fine, but it smells Horribly BURNED (!) I disassembled it and well, I am able to localize the source of the toxic smells, but I am unable to identify the element neither his function and the reason of his malfunction:

View attachment 53388View attachment 53387 View attachment 53386 View attachment 53385 View attachment 53384

The PC config was all time the same without modifs or overclock, the PSU was bought new.

"I pay taxes and go to church, WHY is this happening to me?"

Please somebody clarify the situation...

{The config: Asus M2A-VM, Athlon 64 X2, 2GB DDRII800, ASUS Radeon X1950PRO 256MB and THE Subject's PSU}

Thanks for any help! :)

hiper PSU's are well known as terrible quality, cheap units. you're lucky your PC wasn't completely destroyed.

Replace it with a better unit, don't waste your time trying to repair it.

thanks for the awesome pictures!
 

crmaris

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The APFC choke smoked and as much as I can figure from your shots some Y caps also may have been damaged. Don't trust it at all, just throw it away and buy a new one.
 

none77

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thank you for the articale.
single rail psu must have ocp?
many of them don't have.
 
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