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Ketamine unlocks secret of depression

Discussion in 'Science & Technology' started by twilyth, Jul 22, 2011.

  1. twilyth Guest

    It's been known for at least the past year that the drug Ketamine (Special-K being one of its street monikers) significantly improves symptoms of severe depression. And it does so in hours to days rather than weeks or months as with most anti-depressants.

    Now it looks like the key to its activity may have been found.
    Since this is a subject near, if not dear to my heart, I did a search to find supplements that might help increase BDNF. The first one I found was for curcumin (a type of spice). Got that from the wikipedia page on BDNF which referenced this article. I'm not recommending this. I don't even know if it would have the desired effect. I'm just putting it out there as a possible lead.

    Interesting side note: High levels of BDNF seem to be associated with increased itching in eczema. (also from the wiki article).
     
    10 Year Member at TPU
  2. The_Ish

    The_Ish New Member

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    Treating symptoms.. What a breakthrough!
    Get your lives togheter so that you don't need that shit, that's what i say.

    It's like treating heroin addicts by giving them another drug.
     
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  3. DanishDevil

    DanishDevil

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    IMO, this is stupid. It's the same thing as saying that speed cures being a fatass, or cocaine relieves symptoms of exhaustion. Typically abused street drugs increase hormone levels that give feelings of happiness and euphoria. Depression sufferers should be on long-term receptor inhibitors and drugs to properly balance and regulate their bodies rather than getting a temporary high. If they can derive exactly what's going on, and give a long-term, controllable balance, then it might be worth looking into, but I have a hard time believing in using street drugs to cure depression.
     
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  4. The_Ish

    The_Ish New Member

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    Am I depressed? Well yeah, i don't have a job, and my foreseeable future is uncertain, I have every reason to be depressed. But there is depression, and then there is the kind of depression that makes someone want to kill themselves. What I have is more of a frustration type of depression. The article told of people with severe depression.

    I've got two friends who at several times in their lives tried to kill themselves for one reason or another. I basically helped them get their shit together, and one is today married with 2 kids, and the other went from an alcoholic heroin addict, who had just lost his job. To a stable relationship and a job he loves.

    So.. Whatever your impression of me or my interpretations of depression may be, I don't think calling me stupid and telling me to fuck off is gonna help your argument. Just saying.
     
  5. twilyth Guest

    Ummm. That's sorta the point of the research. It pays to read the article.

    and your comment about receptors is in error. SSRI's seem to work by stimulating neurogenesis in the hypothalamus. That would result in an increase in BDNF - as was alluded to in the article.
     
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  6. AsRock

    AsRock TPU addict

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    It's business as usual. Let me know when they start cure's.
     
  7. Drone

    Drone

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    Perhaps they need to get out more ...
     
  8. Jetster

    Jetster

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    But one of the listed side effects is depression?
     
  9. Widjaja

    Widjaja

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    I completely agree with this.
    In many cases there is a source or number of sources from which the depressive feeling comes from.
    If the sources are real life situations then those situations MUST be resolved to make any progress.
    But in saying this there are situations in life where the situation can not be resolved in the short term and the person affected continues their downward spiral.

    This is when such research comes as useful if made legal to the public instead of resorting to drugs and alcohol for temporary relief.
     
  10. streetfighter 2

    streetfighter 2 New Member

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    Surely there must be a better way to raise BDNF levels? Perhaps a trip to Cedar Point? :laugh:
    I agree, but only to a limit. We must be careful not to trivialize a serious condition.
     
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  11. twilyth Guest

    I don't think they're going to use ketamine and if they do it will be in very low doses as they did with the lab rats. They didn't get the rats stoned. They gave them just enough to increase BDNF levels.

    But a lot of drugs are like that. I've been on every SSRI that was on the market as of about 5 years ago. I have dysthymia rather than clinical depression (combined with a variety of other issues). The most depressed I've ever been was on Luvox. I was so enervated I almost didn't want to live. I've never been suicidal, but I came very close with that drug.

    Same thing with stimulants. I take Focalin (a variant of Ritalin). Sometimes it keeps me awake and sometimes it puts me right to sleep - like I'd been shot with a trank dart. Pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, etc. is some weird ass shit.
     
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  12. Widjaja

    Widjaja

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    The anti-depressant treatments I have had had only made me sluggish and just not with it hen first taking it.
    All it did was make me to blank to think or dwell upon anything to much.
    I just needed some time away from thinking about what happened to finally overcome the issue and carry on.

    I have been prescribed the stuff for depression in the past and believe it or not, to quit smoking.
     
  13. twilyth Guest

    Wellbutrin is probably the drug you had in mind. It does help many people quit. It is prescribed at about half the dosage used for depression.

    It is a unique drug in that it increases levels of dopamine and norepinepherine. I think it is still the only heterocyclic amine that does that.
     
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  14. Widjaja

    Widjaja

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    Just took a look at the box as I didn't bother with taking the stuff for the whole treatment.
    The stuff is called Nortriptyline.
     
  15. twilyth Guest

    Ah. that's an old tricyclic. I've been on a few but they had absolutely no effect. One shrink even made me have my blood levels checked since he didn't believe me.

    So I can't really tell you much except that the tricyclics tend to increase all 3 major neurotransmitters - norepinepherine, serotonin and dopamine.

    Here is the clinical pharmacology info on it from rxlist.com
     
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  16. Widjaja

    Widjaja

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    No surprises, my GP is very good at prescribing me medication which does nothing or makes things worse, then sends me off to the A&E to get a doctor there to prescribe me something which actually works, then logs it so he knows what to give next time.:rolleyes:

    The only other stuff I have had is Citalopram which made feel dozy and sluggish.
    It didn't make me happy as assumed anti-depressants do, it just stopped me from dwelling on anything for too long.
    Sort of numbing.
     
    Last edited: Jul 23, 2011
  17. Jetster

    Jetster

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    One of the best things I do that helps my moods is exercise. I run daily and mountain bike. One thing that makes me feel worse is junk food and online gaming. Hate to admit that but its true. I have to watch how much I game or spend on a computer for that matter. As far as depression, I love my life really. I wake up everyday motivated.
     
  18. MilkyWay

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    Ketamine is a horse tranquiliser and humans can die if they take it but probably not at as low a dose as they plan.

    With depression its more than likely external factors that are the cause, those factors wont go away with medication. I recognise though that medications sometimes allow people to overcome those causes of depression. Its difficult to say as i dont know how humans work there are lots of other cases.

    I have aspergers and a few years ago was diagnosed with social anxiety and mild depression, ive also always had telephone anxiety. Basically i can go on medication but they would rather not. My GP told me this sort of thing can happen to people with aspergers and thats why they would rather i didnt but at the same time had no problem offering me medications lol. Basically it varies at times and to which degrees.

    Ketamine is one of the last things i would think of.
     
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  19. Tatty_One

    Tatty_One Super Moderator Staff Member

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    Excellent post here and I couldn't agree more, "you are what you eat"...... "you live by your sleep" is a saying we had in the Army, where the definition of depression generally is "the inability to cope with a set of circumstances or situation", eat well, sleep well and take regular exercise and 8 out of 10 cats don't need pills, the other 2 out of 10 do, simply because their depression has escalated beyond the inability to cope and moved into a more clinical phsycological state. Medication of course always has it's place, I am of the opinion that self help for most, but certainly not all is the best way forward however.
     
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  20. r9

    r9

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    Why are we discussing drugs here ?! Take this talk to your local dealer.
     
  21. pantherx12

    pantherx12

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    One of my friends foolishly had ket recreational and he got epic depressed whilst it was in his system, had to tuck him into bed myself!

    He was trying to fight me the entire walk home as well.
     
  22. Widjaja

    Widjaja

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    Just like I have seen the adverse effects of someone taking ritalin when they weren't prescribed it.

    Like many drugs taken without following the rules or lack of them, there are potential risks.

    The best plan is to not take them again if they cause you to fall ill.
     
  23. The_Ish

    The_Ish New Member

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    I have a rather blunt personality ;). It's not that i think we should herd depressed people to the canyons edge and give them an ultimatum. Counseling however! I just don't like drugs of any kind. I don't even take drugs for headaches any more. But with that said, i am hopeless with caffeine and nicotine, so I've got my own demons. Setting up goals and achieving them can do so much for the mental health of a person. It's helping these individuals I think we need focus on, not give them drugs and send them on their merry way.

    You've got to ask yourself: Why is this person depressed? How can I help this person?
    When i say "get their lives together" I basically mean they need to take a good honest look at themselves, and find it within themselves to climb out of that void.

    A stable personal economy, love, the sense of being appreciated by someone. Really, the things that make life worth living. These are examples which most people can't or don't want to be without. Just examples.. But if to many of them are left out, you will become depressed to one degree or another. Eating drugs that messes with the brains chemistry does not solve any of that. Power comes from within, change comes from within. And I think I've proved, at least to myself, by helping close friends through their hardships, that a helping hand goes a long way.

    Think of it this way.. You've got a flat tire and you've forgotten to check the air pressure on the spare tyre for years and years. It's unusable. Nobody is stopping to help you, and you phone is dead. But then an old lady stops and says - Where are you heading? Let's say you were heading to see your family. She says she can loan you her spare to the next gas station. You get new tires, and on your way to go. Just because of one sincere old lady, who just wanted to help a man in need.

    The moral of the story is that no matter how insignificant that man by the side of the road waving his arms in desperation is to passers by, that one small gesture of kindness, made you feel all warm inside. Someone actually cared about you enough to help you in a time of need.

    We're not gonna pay their bills, we're gonna help them find a job. We're not gonna tell them "stop doing drugs", we're gonna find something to channel it into. Sports, books, what have you. Sometimes all that is needed is a distraction. Sometimes just being there for someone, literally just being there, is help enough. It could make the person feel loved and important. "wow, he's here with me. Yet i am so boring and dull, and he's so nice. Maybe i should go with him on that music festival he asked me to tag along to" And just like that, the grip of sadness and depression might lift, just as easy as it once came down so hard.

    Trust me. I've helped others, and I've had others help me. It can be overwhelmingly difficult to overcome on your own. All you need is a little good old dose of love, peace and understanding ;)

    I rest my case (i might still reply tho!) :p
     
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  24. twilyth Guest

    I've had all of the things you mention and I still felt like shit.

    Some depression is certainly circumstantial, loss, bereavement, relationships, etc. But some is biochemical. Biochemical changes can be genetic, epigenetic or acquired. For example prolonged stress causes the hippocampus (IIRC) to actually shrink.

    In the cases where it is biochemical, you're only option is psychotropics.

    And by the way, humans have used chemicals from various sources since the beginning of time - for religious enlightenment, healing, etc.
     
    10 Year Member at TPU
  25. streetfighter 2

    streetfighter 2 New Member

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    I believe it, really I do. You're preaching to the choir.

    The thing is though, is it can be worse than bad. There are people who are so depressed that they can't muster the grit to change the tire and fuck all if an old lady is strong enough to bust out a tire iron and change it. :roll:

    There are people where the magnitude of an unfortunate event is an order higher than any good event, which perpetually puts them in the red for happiness. No imaginable quantity of good will ever give them five minutes of feeling content.

    I've known people who could only describe their existence by pain and suffering; healthy, intelligent, attractive, social people who I'd be honored to call my friends. On several occasions it was related that this was persistent from their earliest memories . . .

    So sure as the day extend your hand, but not everyone will grasp it, and of the ones that do, some will not be able to hang on. (Holy shit that's depressing! :cry: :laugh:)

    I've had the dubious fortune of meeting a few of life's hard luck cases. :eek:
     
    Last edited: Jul 24, 2011
  26. Thatguy New Member

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    depression isn't a bad thing, so long as its not out of control. it can actually lead to many things that are positive.
     

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