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NVIDIA GeForce GTX 590

NVIDIA GeForce GTX 590 Image NVIDIA GF110 Image
The GeForce GTX 590 was a high-end graphics card by NVIDIA, launched in March 2011. Built on the 40 nm process, and based on the GF110 graphics processor, in its GF110-351-A1 variant, the card supports DirectX 11.0. The GF110 graphics processor is a large chip with a die area of 520 mm² and 3,000 million transistors. GeForce GTX 590 combines two graphics processors to increase performance. It features 512 shading units, 64 texture mapping units and 48 ROPs per GPU. NVIDIA has placed 3,072 MB GDDR5 memory on the card, which are connected using a 384-bit memory interface per GPU (each GPU manages 1,536 MB). The GPU is operating at a frequency of 608 MHz, memory is running at 854 MHz.
We recommend the NVIDIA GeForce GTX 590 for gaming with highest details at resolutions up to, and including, 1920x1080.
Being a dual-slot card, the NVIDIA GeForce GTX 590 draws power from 2x 8-pin power connectors, with power draw rated at 365 W maximum. Display outputs include: 3x DVI, 1x mini-DisplayPort. GeForce GTX 590 is connected to the rest of the system using a PCIe 2.0 x16 interface. The card measures 279 mm in length, and features a dual-slot cooling solution. Its price at launch was 699 US Dollars.

Graphics Processor

GPU Name: GF110
GPU Variant: GF110-351-A1
Architecture: Fermi
Process Size: 40 nm
Transistors: 3,000 million
Die Size: 520 mm²

Graphics Card

Released: Mar 24th, 2011
Production Status: End-of-life
Launch Price: 699 USD
Bus Interface: PCIe 2.0 x16

Clock Speeds

GPU Clock: 608 MHz
Shader Clock: 1215 MHz
Memory Clock: 854 MHz
3416 MHz effective


Memory Size: 1536 MB x2
Memory Type: GDDR5
Memory Bus: 384 bit x2
Bandwidth: 164.0 GB/s x2

Render Config

Shading Units: 512 x2
TMUs: 64 x2
ROPs: 48 x2
SM Count: 16 x2
Pixel Rate: 19.46 GPixel/s x2
Texture Rate: 38.9 GTexel/s x2
Floating-point performance: 1,244.2 GFLOPS x2

Board Design

Slot Width: Dual-slot
Length: 11 inches
279 mm
TDP: 365 W
Outputs: 3x DVI
1x mini-DisplayPort
Power Connectors: 2x 8-pin
Board Number: P1020

Graphics Features

DirectX: 11.0
OpenGL: 4.5
OpenCL: 1.1
CUDA: 2.0
Shader Model: 5.0


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Our review database contains 36 reviews of the GeForce GTX 590.

Card Notes

Dual GPU design, 2x GF110
SFUs: 64 x2

GF110 GPU Notes

Each Streaming Multiprocessor(SM) in the GPU architecture contains 32 SPs and 4 SFUs.

Each SP can fulfill up to two single precision operations FMA per clock.

Each SFU can fulfill up to four SF operations per clock.

The approximate ratio of operations FMA to operations SF is equal 4:1.

The theoretical shader performance in single-precision floating point operations(FMA)[FLOPSsp, GFLOPS] of the graphics card with shader count [n] and shader frequency [f, GHz], is estimated by the following: FLOPSsp f × n × 2.

Alternative formula: FLOPSsp f × m × (32 SPs × 2(FMA)). [m] - SM count.

Total Processing Power: FLOPSsp f × m × (32 SPs × 2(FMA) + 4 × 4 SFUs) or FLOPSsp f × n × 2.5.

Each SM in the GPU contains 4 texture filtering units for every texture address unit.

The complete die contains 64 texture address units and 256 texture filtering units.

Retail boards based on this design

Name GPU Clock Memory Clock Other Changes
ASUS ROG MARS II 782 MHz 1002 MHz 13 inches, Triple-slot, 2x DVI 1x HDMI 1x DisplayPort
Colorful GTX 590 608 MHz 854 MHz
EVGA GTX 590 CLASSIFIED Hydro Copper 630 MHz 864 MHz
Palit GTX 590 608 MHz 854 MHz
POV / TGT GTX 590 Charged V2 641 MHz 907 MHz
POV / TGT GTX 590 Ultra Charged 692 MHz 928 MHz
POV / TGT GTX 590 Ultra Charged V2 671 MHz 854 MHz
ZOTAC GTX 590 608 MHz 854 MHz