"Next-generation", "Graphics CoreNext", "Radeon HD 7000 series", "Southern Islands"...this is it. AMD's new GPU architecture has moved into the phase where its makers launch serious money-making products based on it, with the Radeon HD 7800 series.
Targeting a wide price-range between $250-$350, the HD 7800 series falls into the market-segment both AMD and NVIDIA have known to refer to as the "sweetspot" segment. When people decide to turn their $400 Dell desktops into gaming PCs, instead of buying $300 game consoles for their TV, it's graphics cards from this segment that they end up buying. Smooth gameplay at full-HD resolution is a requisite.
AMD has to get several things right about the products it's launching today, because the competitiveness of the entire HD 7000 series hangs on its success. First, it needs to create a sizable performance jump, over the previous-generation Radeon HD 6800 series; second, its new chip has to prove Graphics CoreNext as being a viable investment for AMD by meeting some basic cost/performance, performance/die-area, and performance/Watt figures. VLIW4 had a very short stint before Graphics CoreNext.
NVIDIA hasn't even started with its next-generation GPU lineup, leaving its previous-generation to defend itself against a reinvigorated AMD lineup. AMD appears to have exploited this late-coming by NVIDIA. The launch prices of Radeon HD 7900 series resembled those of NVIDIA's high-end GTX series, the Radeon HD 7700 series products ask a couple of dozen Dollars too many. AMD kept the theme going with the Radeon HD 7800 series. You may recollect AMD's Radeon HD 6870 shipping for $240 on launch, and the HD 6850 for $180, both very attractive prices. The slide above is every indication of AMD trying to justify launch prices of $349 for the HD 7870 and $249 for the HD 7850, just because they are touted to outperform whatever NVIDIA currently has in those price-ranges (we're going to find that out in this review).
ArchitectureThe Radeon HD 7800 series consists of two models, the Radeon HD 7870, and the Radeon HD 7850, both stretched far apart in the market segment. The two are based on AMD's brand new GPU, codenamed "Pitcairn". Built on the 28 nm fabrication process, this new chip holds 2.8 billion transistors. "Pitcairn" is a 100% upscale of the "Cape Verde" silicon, on which the Radeon HD 7700 series is based. It has 1280 Graphics CoreNext stream processors, arranged in 20 Graphics CoreNext Compute Units (GCN CUs). The component hierachy of "Pitcairn" resembles that of "Tahiti", more than it does "Cape Verde". The 20 GCN CUs are arranged in two clusters, with two sets of geometry processing engines, and rasterizers, handing the initial stages of graphics processing.
Apart from 1280 stream processors, Pitcairn has 80 Texture Memory Units (TMUs), 32 ROPs (Raster Operations), and a 256-bit wide GDDR5 memory interface, holding 2 GB of memory. Here's something interesting. AMD deemed 2 GB as the new standard memory amount for performance-segment graphics cards. Both the HD 7870 and HD 7850 have 2 GB of memory, clocked at 1200 MHz (4.80 GHz GDDR5 effective), churning out 153.6 GB/s memory bandwidth. As for the core clock, the HD 7870 has its core clocked at 1000 MHz, making it AMD's second "GHz Edition" SKU after the HD 7770; while the HD 7850 has its core clocked at 860 MHz. The Radeon HD 7850 is carved out by disabling four GCN CUs, leaving 1024 stream processors, and 64 TMUs. The rest of the SKU is identical to the HD 7870.
In this review, we are evaluating both the Radeon HD 7870 and the Radeon HD 7850. Both cards are AMD reference design samples provided by the company.
GTX 560 Ti
|Graphics Processor||Barts||Cape Verde||GF114||Cayman||GF110||Cayman||Pitcairn||Pitcairn||GF110||Tahiti||Tahiti|
|Memory Size||1024 MB||1024 MB||1024 MB||2048 MB||1280 MB||2048 MB||2048 MB||2048 MB||1536 MB||3072 MB||3072 MB|
|Memory Bus Width||256 bit||128 bit||256 bit||256 bit||320 bit||256 bit||256 bit||256 bit||384 bit||384 bit||384 bit|
|Core Clock||900 MHz||1000 MHz||823 MHz||800 MHz||732 MHz||880 MHz||860 MHz||1000 MHz||772 MHz||800 MHz||925 MHz|
|Memory Clock||1050 MHz||1125 MHz||1002 MHz||1250 MHz||950 MHz||1375 MHz||1200 MHz||1200 MHz||1002 MHz||1250 MHz||1375 MHz|