Virtualization — VMWare Workstation
A virtual machine is a simulated computer inside your computer that's completely independent of the host PC. This not only improves security, but also enables software written for different operating systems to execute on one physical machine. Virtualization is the foundation for "the cloud" and helps reduce hardware ownership cost by dynamically spreading out virtual machines over multiple computers to make best use of given hardware resources. We're testing VM performance using VMWare Workstation, with hardware virtualization support enabled for both Intel and AMD processors. Curiously, many AMD Ryzen motherboards ship with the "SVM" setting disabled by default, so we made absolutely certain we had enabled it.
Database — MySQL
More data is stored and processed today than ever before in human history. The backbone for this revolution are database systems that manage storage and retrieval throughout large data sets. Whenever you interact with a website or other digital service, it's almost guaranteed that at least one database is involved in returning the results you are looking for. We benchmark the most popular database system, MySQL, in the TPC-C test, which simulates a large number of warehouses and their constantly changing inventory. The number reported is "transactions per second", so higher is better.
The Java programming language is designed to be platform independent, highly scalable, and fault tolerant, which is why it's very popular for enterprise services that work with large amounts of data and many concurrent users. Our test suite consists of a large mix of individual Java benchmarks, some of them single-threaded, some that scale somewhat, and some that fully scale to as many cores as are available.