Pichau Gaming Nidus 500 W Review 19

Pichau Gaming Nidus 500 W Review

Cross Load Tests »

Test Setup



Primary Rails Load Regulation

The following charts show the voltage values of the main rails, recorded over a range from 60 W to the maximum specified load, and the deviation (in percent) for the same load range. Tight load regulation is an important characteristic for every power supply since it allows for constant voltage levels despite changes in load.






5VSB Regulation



Hold-up Time

Hold-up time represents the amount of time, usually measured in milliseconds, a PSU can maintain output regulations as defined by the ATX specification without input power. Hold-up time is the amount of time the system can continue to run without shutting down or rebooting during a power interruption. In the following screenshots, the blue line is the mains signal and the green line is the "Power Good" signal, while the yellow line represents the +12V rail.







Inrush Current

Inrush current, or switch-on surge, refers to the maximum instantaneous input current drawn by an electrical device when it is first turned on. Large enough inrush current can cause the tripping of circuit breakers and fuses and may also damage switches, relays, and bridge rectifiers. As a result, the lower the inrush current of a PSU right as it is turned on, the better.


10-110% Load Testing

These tests reveal the PSU's load regulation and efficiency levels at high ambient temperatures. They also show how the fan-speed profile behaves under tough operating conditions.

Load Regulation & Efficiency Testing Data - Pichau Gaming Nidus 500
Test12 V5 V3.3 V5VSBPower
(DC/AC)
EfficiencyFan SpeedPSU NoiseTemp
(In/Out)
PF/AC
Volts
10% Load2.372A1.962A1.946A0.988A49.994W81.706%714 RPM15.1 dB(A)30.05°C0.872
11.970V5.098V3.391V5.060V61.188W36.20°C230.34V
20% Load5.777A2.949A2.924A1.188A100.016W86.739%716 RPM15.1 dB(A)30.80°C0.938
11.965V5.088V3.383V5.049V115.307W37.57°C230.34V
30% Load9.542A3.442A3.422A1.390A149.968W88.357%719 RPM15.1 dB(A)31.14°C0.961
11.938V5.085V3.375V5.038V169.729W38.66°C230.34V
40% Load13.326A3.936A3.917A1.592A200.009W88.598%722 RPM15.1 dB(A)31.32°C0.971
11.917V5.082V3.369V5.028V225.748W39.55°C230.34V
50% Load16.763A4.930A4.911A1.795A250.038W88.710%724 RPM15.1 dB(A)32.01°C0.979
11.903V5.073V3.359V5.015V281.859W41.09°C230.34V
60% Load20.209A5.929A5.910A1.999A299.989W88.237%870 RPM19.4 dB(A)32.59°C0.983
11.885V5.061V3.350V5.003V339.981W42.25°C230.34V
70% Load23.633A6.933A6.915A2.205A350.060W87.635%1129 RPM26.3 dB(A)33.46°C0.983
11.888V5.049V3.341V4.990V399.453W43.86°C230.33V
80% Load27.075A7.944A7.920A2.411A399.973W86.880%1369 RPM32.0 dB(A)33.51°C0.984
11.877V5.037V3.332V4.977V460.375W44.44°C230.33V
90% Load31.000A8.445A8.419A2.415A449.656W86.162%1764 RPM38.8 dB(A)34.20°C0.986
11.844V5.033V3.324V4.970V521.874W45.78°C230.32V
100% Load34.955A8.950A8.957A2.521A499.998W85.334%1764 RPM38.8 dB(A)34.90°C0.988
11.809V5.029V3.316V4.960V585.928W47.12°C230.32V
110% Load39.366A8.936A8.976A2.524A549.598W84.535%1761 RPM38.8 dB(A)35.69°C0.990
11.746V5.037V3.308V4.953V650.143W49.22°C230.32V
Crossload 10.116A13.000A12.999A0.000A108.337W79.979%820 RPM17.7 dB(A)31.80°C0.949
12.651V4.863V3.358V5.047V135.457W41.43°C230.33V
Crossload 238.007A0.999A1.000A1.000A443.114W86.412%1703 RPM38.2 dB(A)34.49°C0.986
11.302V5.213V3.340V5.011V512.795W47.04°C230.33V

I did not to heavily stress the PSU in these tests for two reasons: It is a budget unit, and had it failed, obtaining another one would have been a problem. Once all tests are finished, though, I will fully stress it for our protection features evaluation, as that is also where most PSUs die if their platforms are not good enough or the protections are wrongly configured.

Load regulation is not that tight, especially if you compare it to the Corsair CX550. That having been said, at +12 V, the Nidus performs better than the DeepCool DA500, which is based on the same platform but uses inferior components.

At up to the 60% load test, the PSU is silent, and it takes a 400 W load to make its fan exceed 30 dB(A). With more than 34 °C ambient and 80% load or above, the cooling fan spins at full speed to handle the increased thermal loads.

Light Load Testing

In the following tests, we measure the PSU's efficiency at loads significantly lower than 10 percent of its maximum capacity (the lowest load the 80 PLUS standard measures). This is important for representing when a PC is idle with its power-saving features turned on.

Efficiency at Low Loads - Pichau Gaming Nidus 500
Test #12 V5 V3.3 V5 VSBPower
(DC/AC)
EfficiencyFan SpeedPSU NoisePF/AC
Volts
12.951A0.486A0.484A0.197A40.026W82.312%708 RPM14.4 dB(A)0.838
11.819V5.150V3.397V5.081V48.627W230.38V
24.181A0.976A0.972A0.394A59.974W85.160%702 RPM14.1 dB(A)0.891
11.881V5.126V3.393V5.073V70.425W230.37V
35.425A1.467A1.461A0.592A80.011W86.707%704 RPM14.1 dB(A)0.919
11.900V5.115V3.389V5.066V92.277W230.36V
46.671A1.958A1.950A0.791A100.041W87.535%708 RPM14.4 dB(A)0.937
11.908V5.107V3.386V5.057V114.287W230.36V

At light loads, output noise is bottom low, and efficiency levels are satisfactory.

Ultra-Light Load Testing

The applied load in this test is only 10 W for PSUs with 500 W and less capacity. For stronger units, we dial in 2% of the maximum-rated capacity. We only run this test with 115 V input.

Efficiency at Low Loads - Pichau Gaming Nidus 500
Test #12 V5 V3.3 V5 VSBPower
(DC/AC)
EfficiencyFan SpeedPSU NoisePF/AC
Volts
10.656A0.223A0.237A0.043A9.929W61.503%708 RPM14.4 dB(A)0.864
11.822V5.155V3.402V5.060V16.144W115.15V

It was a nice surprise to see this PSU delivering more than 60% efficiency with only 10 W load.

Efficiency

Using the results we gathered so far, we plotted a chart showing the PSU's efficiency at low loads, and loads ranging from 10 to 110 percent of its maximum-rated capacity.



With normal loads, registered efficiency is not that high compared to the CX550 and the MWE Bronze units which use more advanced platforms, but with light loads, the Nidus manages to take the lead from Corsair's offering.

5VSB Efficiency

5VSB Efficiency - Pichau Gaming Nidus 500
Test #5VSBPower (DC/AC)EfficiencyPF/AC Volts
10.100A0.509W68.970%0.042
5.089V0.738W230.39V
20.250A1.272W73.272%0.095
5.085V1.736W230.39V
30.550A2.795W75.622%0.175
5.080V3.696W230.39V
41.000A5.071W76.440%0.249
5.070V6.634W230.39V
51.500A7.593W76.837%0.293
5.061V9.882W230.38V
62.501A12.604W75.279%0.341
5.040V16.743W230.39V

This is not the most efficient 5VSB rail I have ever encountered, but I didn't expect miracles from a budget product.

Power Consumption in Idle and Standby

Idle / Standby - Pichau Gaming Nidus 500
Mode12 V5 V3.3 V5VSBPower (AC)PF/AC Volts
Idle11.956V5.122V3.404V5.090V2.212W0.123
230.3V
Standby0.067W0.004
230.3V

Fan RPM, Delta Temperature and Output Noise

The following results were obtained at 28–36 °C ambient.





The following results were obtained at 30–32 °C ambient.



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