All measurements were performed using two Chroma 6314A mainframes equipped with the following electronic loads: six 63123A [350 W each], one 63102A [100 W x2], and one 63101A [200 W]. The aforementioned equipment is able to deliver 2500 W of load, and all loads are controlled by a custom-made software. We also used a Rigol DS2072A oscilloscope kindly sponsored by Batronix, a Picoscope 3424 oscilloscope, a Picotech TC-08 thermocouple data logger, two Fluke multimeters (models 289 and 175), a Keithley 2015 THD 6.5 digit bench DMM and a Yokogawa WT210 power meter. We also included a wooden box, which, along with some heating elements, was used as a hot box. Finally, we had at our disposal three more oscilloscopes (Rigol VS5042, Stingray DS1M12, and a second Picoscope 3424), and a Class 1 Bruel & kjaer 2250-L G4 Sound Analyzer which is equipped with a type 4189 microphone that features a 16.6 - 140 dBA-weighted dynamic range. You will find more details about our equipment and the review methodology we follow in this article. We also conduct all of our tests at 40°C-45°C ambient to simulate the environment seen inside a typical system more accurately, with 40°C-45°C being derived from a standard ambient assumption of 23°C and 17°C-22°C being added for the typical temperature rise within a system.
Primary Rails Load RegulationThe following charts show the voltage values of the main rails, recorded over a range from 60 W to the maximum specified load, and the deviation (in percent) for the same load range.
5VSB RegulationThe following chart shows how the 5VSB rail deals with the load we throw at it.
Hold-up TimeHold-up time is a very important PSU characteristic and represents the amount of time, usually measured in milliseconds, a PSU can maintain output regulations as defined by the ATX spec without input power. In other words, it is the amount of time the system can continue to run without shutting down or rebooting during a power interruption. The ATX specification sets the minimum hold-up time to 16 ms with the maximum continuous output load. In the following screenshot, the blue line is the mains signal and the yellow line is the "Power Good" signal. The latter is de-asserted to a low state when any of the +12V, 5V, or 3.3V output voltages fall below the undervoltage threshold, or after the mains power has been removed for a sufficiently long time to guarantee that the PSU cannot operate anymore.
The registered hold-up time was almost 16 ms, so we will jot this result down as a bare pass.
Inrush CurrentInrush current or switch-on surge refers to the maximum, instantaneous input-current drawn by an electrical device when it is first turned on. Because of the charging current of the APFC capacitor(s), PSUs produce large inrush-current right as they are turned on. Large inrush current can cause the tripping of circuit breakers and fuses and may also damage switches, relays, and bridge rectifiers; as a result, the lower a PSU's inrush current right as it is turned on, the better.
Low inrush current, which is very good for your home's switches and circuit breakers.
Load Regulation and Efficiency MeasurementsThe first set of tests revealed the stability of the voltage rails and the Edison M-650's efficiency. The applied load was equal to (approximately) 10%-110% of the maximum load the PSU can handle, in 10% steps.
We conducted two additional tests. In the first test, we stressed the two minor rails (5V and 3.3V) with a high load while the load at +12V was only 0.10 A. This test reveals whether the PSU is Haswell ready or not. In the second test, we dialed the maximum load the +12V rail could handle while the load on the minor rails was minimal.
Load regulation was tight enough for a unit of the mid-capacity category. The XFX XTR-650 is basically the same unit in a different casing, and it achieved tighter load regulation on its +12V and 5V rails; however, its load regulation wasn't as good on the 3.3V and 5VSB rails. As you can see in the table above, the Edison unit easily delivered more than its full power at very high ambient temperatures that reached 45°C. The fan also produced very little noise at up to the 30% load. It did start spinning at higher speeds beyond 30%, which significantly increased noise output, and it was very loud during the full load tests. Overall efficiency was good; however, we have seen Gold-certified units register significantly higher efficiency. Seasonic obviously meant to clearly distinguish this platform from their higher-end ones (KM3 and XP2), so they didn't aim for higher efficiency levels to keep it competitively priced.
|Load Regulation & Efficiency Testing Data - Fractal Design Edison M-650|
|Test||12 V||5 V||3.3 V||5VSB||Power|
|10% Load||3.532A||1.963A||1.959A||0.995A||64.71W||84.00%||30.5 dBA||38.80°C||0.817|
|20% Load||8.104A||2.947A||2.944A||1.200A||129.71W||89.40%||33.3 dBA||39.49°C||0.932|
|30% Load||13.032A||3.454A||3.458A||1.399A||194.79W||90.90%||35.4 dBA||39.71°C||0.964|
|40% Load||17.971A||3.952A||3.943A||1.605A||259.73W||91.54%||40.6 dBA||40.69°C||0.980|
|50% Load||22.588A||4.956A||4.941A||1.810A||324.73W||91.66%||46.7 dBA||40.94°C||0.987|
|60% Load||27.216A||5.952A||5.943A||2.019A||389.63W||91.53%||46.9 dBA||41.73°C||0.990|
|70% Load||31.854A||6.964A||6.955A||2.225A||454.56W||91.32%||47.0 dBA||42.15°C||0.992|
|80% Load||36.514A||7.970A||7.966A||2.435A||519.51W||91.04%||47.0 dBA||43.14°C||0.993|
|90% Load||41.618A||8.479A||8.497A||2.440A||584.50W||90.69%||47.2 dBA||43.85°C||0.994|
|100% Load||46.700A||9.000A||9.003A||2.545A||649.35W||90.31%||47.2 dBA||44.08°C||0.994|
|110% Load||52.192A||9.012A||9.018A||2.550A||714.28W||89.85%||47.2 dBA||45.05°C||0.995|
|Crossload 1||0.097A||12.007A||12.006A||0.004A||101.86W||84.27%||46.9 dBA||43.02°C||0.907|
|Crossload 2||54.122A||1.002A||1.003A||1.002A||664.89W||90.78%||47.2 dBA||43.53°C||0.995|