All measurements were performed using two Chroma 6314A mainframes equipped with the following electronic loads: six 63123A [350 W each], one 63102A [100 W x2], and one 63101A [200 W]. The aforementioned equipment is able to deliver 2500 W of load, and all loads are controlled by a custom-made software. We also used a Rigol DS2072A oscilloscope kindly sponsored by Batronix, a Picoscope 3424 oscilloscope, a Picotech TC-08 thermocouple data logger, two Fluke multimeters (models 289 and 175), a Keithley 2015 THD 6.5 digit bench DMM and a Yokogawa WT210 power meter. We also included a wooden box, which, along with some heating elements, was used as a hot box. Finally, we had at our disposal three more oscilloscopes (Rigol VS5042, Stingray DS1M12, and a second Picoscope 3424), and a Class 1 Bruel & kjaer 2250-L G4 Sound Analyzer which is equipped with a type 4189 microphone that features a 16.6 - 140 dBA-weighted dynamic range. You will find more details about our equipment and the review methodology we follow in this article. We also conduct all of our tests at 40°C-45°C ambient to simulate the environment seen inside a typical system with a higher accuracy, with 40°C-45°C being derived from a standard ambient assumption of 23°C and 17°C-22°C being added for the typical temperature rise within a system.
Primary Rails Load RegulationThe following charts show the voltage values of the main rails, recorded over a range from 60 W to the maximum specified load, and the deviation (in percent) for the same load range.
5VSB RegulationThe following chart shows how the 5VSB rail deals with the load we throw at it.
Hold-up TimeHold-up time is a very important PSU characteristic and represents the amount of time, usually measured in milliseconds, a PSU can maintain output regulations as defined by the ATX spec without input power. In other words, it is the amount of time the system can continue to run without shutting down or rebooting during a power interruption. The ATX specification sets the minimum hold-up time to 16 ms with the maximum continuous output load. In the following screenshot, the blue line is the mains signal and the yellow line is the "Power Good" signal. The latter is de-asserted to a low state when any of the +12V, 5V, or 3.3V output voltages fall below the undervoltage threshold, or after the mains power has been removed for a sufficiently long time to guarantee that the PSU cannot operate anymore.
The hold-up time we measured was significantly longer than the required minimum, which had the SS-1050XM2 pass this test with flying colors.
Inrush CurrentInrush current or switch-on surge refers to the maximum, instantaneous input-current drawn by an electrical device when it is first turned on. Because of the charging current of the APFC capacitor(s), PSUs produce large inrush-current right as they are turned on. Large inrush current can cause the tripping of circuit breakers and fuses and may also damage switches, relays, and bridge rectifiers; as a result, the lower the inrush current of a PSU right as it is turned on, the better.
Inrush current was normal for a PSU of this capacity.
Load Regulation and Efficiency MeasurementsThe first set of tests revealed the stability of the voltage rails and the SS-1050XM2's efficiency. The applied load was equal to (approximately) 10%-110% of the maximum load the PSU can handle, in 10% steps.
We conducted two additional tests. In the first test, we stressed the two minor rails (5V and 3.3V) with a high load while the load at +12V was only 0.10 A. This test reveals whether the PSU is Haswell ready or not. In the second test, we dialed the maximum load the +12V rail could handle while the load on the minor rails was minimal.
Performance was great as load regulation was tight on all rails, especially +12V, and incredibly efficient throughout the unit's entire load range. This platform can easily compete with even the toughest of the competition's offerings as it has absolute no problem in delivering more than its full nominal power at very high operating temperatures. The only downside is the fan's unnecessary high noise output. While its small ball-bearings play a role, Seasonic's fan profile adds to the problem since it hasn't been optimized to provide a silent operation. We believe Seasonic didn't want to compromise on the unit's reliability by focusing on keeping internal temperatures at an all-time low instead of making it as quiet as possible—a choice most won't appreciate.
|Load Regulation & Efficiency Testing Data - Seasonic SS-1050XM2|
|Test||12 V||5 V||3.3 V||5VSB||Power|
|Efficiency||Fan Speed||Fan Noise||Temp|
|10% Load||6.844A||1.983A||1.970A||0.980A||104.76W||87.44%||1220 RPM||40.2 dBA||37.15°C||0.857|
|20% Load||14.715A||2.976A||2.964A||1.179A||209.63W||90.49%||1380 RPM||41.2 dBA||38.02°C||0.915|
|30% Load||22.950A||3.485A||3.479A||1.378A||314.82W||92.35%||1765 RPM||44.5 dBA||38.68°C||0.941|
|40% Load||31.169A||3.982A||3.967A||1.580A||419.57W||92.61%||2060 RPM||47.2 dBA||39.20°C||0.958|
|50% Load||39.063A||4.977A||4.971A||1.781A||524.51W||92.51%||2360 RPM||52.9 dBA||40.04°C||0.968|
|60% Load||46.959A||5.985A||5.978A||1.985A||629.47W||92.22%||2470 RPM||54.7 dBA||41.33°C||0.975|
|70% Load||54.863A||6.999A||6.992A||2.190A||734.47W||92.01%||2470 RPM||54.7 dBA||42.35°C||0.979|
|80% Load||62.758A||8.005A||8.013A||2.396A||839.24W||91.60%||2470 RPM||54.7 dBA||43.81°C||0.983|
|90% Load||71.106A||8.516A||8.544A||2.400A||944.30W||91.28%||2470 RPM||54.7 dBA||44.87°C||0.984|
|100% Load||79.203A||9.037A||9.048A||3.015A||1049.08W||90.80%||2470 RPM||54.7 dBA||45.77°C||0.985|
|110% Load||87.907A||9.049A||9.063A||3.020A||1153.99W||90.22%||2470 RPM||54.7 dBA||47.05°C||0.986|
|Crossload 1||0.098A||18.020A||18.003A||0.004A||150.65W||81.84%||2440 RPM||54.5 dBA||45.43°C||0.904|
|Crossload 2||87.417A||1.002A||1.003A||1.002A||1071.81W||91.13%||2470 RPM||54.7 dBA||45.98°C||0.985|