Seasonic X Series XM2 1050 W Review 7

Seasonic X Series XM2 1050 W Review

Efficiency, Temperatures & Noise »

Test Setup

All measurements were performed using two Chroma 6314A mainframes equipped with the following electronic loads: six 63123A [350 W each], one 63102A [100 W x2], and one 63101A [200 W]. The aforementioned equipment is able to deliver 2500 W of load, and all loads are controlled by a custom-made software. We also used a Rigol DS2072A oscilloscope kindly sponsored by Batronix, a Picoscope 3424 oscilloscope, a Picotech TC-08 thermocouple data logger, two Fluke multimeters (models 289 and 175), a Keithley 2015 THD 6.5 digit bench DMM and a Yokogawa WT210 power meter. We also included a wooden box, which, along with some heating elements, was used as a hot box. Finally, we had at our disposal three more oscilloscopes (Rigol VS5042, Stingray DS1M12, and a second Picoscope 3424), and a Class 1 Bruel & kjaer 2250-L G4 Sound Analyzer which is equipped with a type 4189 microphone that features a 16.6 - 140 dBA-weighted dynamic range. You will find more details about our equipment and the review methodology we follow in this article. We also conduct all of our tests at 40°C-45°C ambient to simulate the environment seen inside a typical system with a higher accuracy, with 40°C-45°C being derived from a standard ambient assumption of 23°C and 17°C-22°C being added for the typical temperature rise within a system.

Rigol DS2072A kindly provided by:

Primary Rails Load Regulation

The following charts show the voltage values of the main rails, recorded over a range from 60 W to the maximum specified load, and the deviation (in percent) for the same load range.

5VSB Regulation

The following chart shows how the 5VSB rail deals with the load we throw at it.

Hold-up Time

Hold-up time is a very important PSU characteristic and represents the amount of time, usually measured in milliseconds, a PSU can maintain output regulations as defined by the ATX spec without input power. In other words, it is the amount of time the system can continue to run without shutting down or rebooting during a power interruption. The ATX specification sets the minimum hold-up time to 16 ms with the maximum continuous output load. In the following screenshot, the blue line is the mains signal and the yellow line is the "Power Good" signal. The latter is de-asserted to a low state when any of the +12V, 5V, or 3.3V output voltages fall below the undervoltage threshold, or after the mains power has been removed for a sufficiently long time to guarantee that the PSU cannot operate anymore.

The hold-up time we measured was significantly longer than the required minimum, which had the SS-1050XM2 pass this test with flying colors.

Inrush Current

Inrush current or switch-on surge refers to the maximum, instantaneous input-current drawn by an electrical device when it is first turned on. Because of the charging current of the APFC capacitor(s), PSUs produce large inrush-current right as they are turned on. Large inrush current can cause the tripping of circuit breakers and fuses and may also damage switches, relays, and bridge rectifiers; as a result, the lower the inrush current of a PSU right as it is turned on, the better.

Inrush current was normal for a PSU of this capacity.

Load Regulation and Efficiency Measurements

The first set of tests revealed the stability of the voltage rails and the SS-1050XM2's efficiency. The applied load was equal to (approximately) 10%-110% of the maximum load the PSU can handle, in 10% steps.
We conducted two additional tests. In the first test, we stressed the two minor rails (5V and 3.3V) with a high load while the load at +12V was only 0.10 A. This test reveals whether the PSU is Haswell ready or not. In the second test, we dialed the maximum load the +12V rail could handle while the load on the minor rails was minimal.

Load Regulation & Efficiency Testing Data - Seasonic SS-1050XM2
Test12 V5 V3.3 V5VSBPower
EfficiencyFan SpeedFan NoiseTemp
10% Load6.844A1.983A1.970A0.980A104.76W87.44%1220 RPM40.2 dBA 37.15°C0.857
12.154V5.040V3.345V5.096V119.81W 38.74°C230.3V
20% Load14.715A2.976A2.964A1.179A209.63W90.49%1380 RPM41.2 dBA 38.02°C0.915
12.149V5.031V3.338V5.083V231.65W 40.01°C230.4V
30% Load22.950A3.485A3.479A1.378A314.82W92.35%1765 RPM44.5 dBA 38.68°C0.941
12.145V5.026V3.332V5.071V340.90W 40.96°C230.3V
40% Load31.169A3.982A3.967A1.580A419.57W92.61%2060 RPM47.2 dBA 39.20°C0.958
12.140V5.021V3.325V5.059V453.06W 41.76°C230.2V
50% Load39.063A4.977A4.971A1.781A524.51W92.51%2360 RPM52.9 dBA 40.04°C0.968
12.136V5.015V3.318V5.045V567.01W 43.15°C230.2V
60% Load46.959A5.985A5.978A1.985A629.47W92.22%2470 RPM54.7 dBA 41.33°C0.975
12.132V5.009V3.311V5.032V682.55W 44.90°C230.1V
70% Load54.863A6.999A6.992A2.190A734.47W92.01%2470 RPM54.7 dBA 42.35°C0.979
12.128V5.002V3.302V5.019V798.25W 46.67°C230.1V
80% Load62.758A8.005A8.013A2.396A839.24W91.60%2470 RPM54.7 dBA 43.81°C0.983
12.124V4.994V3.294V5.004V916.20W 48.61°C230.1V
90% Load71.106A8.516A8.544A2.400A944.30W91.28%2470 RPM54.7 dBA 44.87°C0.984
12.119V4.988V3.289V4.995V1034.50W 50.49°C230.0V
100% Load79.203A9.037A9.048A3.015A1049.08W90.80%2470 RPM54.7 dBA 45.77°C0.985
12.113V4.981V3.282V4.971V1155.40W 52.27°C229.9V
110% Load87.907A9.049A9.063A3.020A1153.99W90.22%2470 RPM54.7 dBA 47.05°C0.986
12.107V4.975V3.276V4.965V1279.05W 54.29°C229.9V
Crossload 10.098A18.020A18.003A0.004A150.65W81.84%2440 RPM54.5 dBA 45.43°C0.904
12.154V5.006V3.290V5.101V184.07W 49.67°C230.4V
Crossload 287.417A1.002A1.003A1.002A1071.81W91.13%2470 RPM54.7 dBA 45.98°C0.985
12.108V4.996V3.307V5.036V1176.20W 52.56°C229.9V
Performance was great as load regulation was tight on all rails, especially +12V, and incredibly efficient throughout the unit's entire load range. This platform can easily compete with even the toughest of the competition's offerings as it has absolute no problem in delivering more than its full nominal power at very high operating temperatures. The only downside is the fan's unnecessary high noise output. While its small ball-bearings play a role, Seasonic's fan profile adds to the problem since it hasn't been optimized to provide a silent operation. We believe Seasonic didn't want to compromise on the unit's reliability by focusing on keeping internal temperatures at an all-time low instead of making it as quiet as possible—a choice most won't appreciate.
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