Clock SpeedsFor this test, we first let the card sit in idle to reach thermal equilibrium. Next, we start a constant 100% gaming load, recording several important parameters while the test is running. This shows you the thermal behavior of the card and how the fans ramp up as temperatures increase. Once temperatures are stable (no increase for two minutes), we stop the load and record how the card cools down over time.
Take a look at the fan curve. What's happening here?! The card is heating up, and as soon as it crosses the 72°C mark, fan speed will drop, which of course increases temperatures further. As a reaction to that, fan speed will drop even further. Caught in this spiral of death, fan speed will go down all the way to 34% while temperatures keep climbing. As soon as the card reaches 79°C, fan speed normalizes somehow and goes back up, slightly, to end up at a final 36% and 79°C.
I have no idea how this could slip past AMD's internal testing—it should be fairly obvious that something is wrong. My theory is that somehow, the fan curve in the BIOS is set incorrectly with parts of the curve having a "minus" sign instead of a plus sign. The plus indicates "increase fan speed", and the minus indicates "slow down the fan".
This should definitely be fixable with a driver or BIOS update.
Voltage-Frequency AnalysisFor the graph below, we recorded all GPU clock and GPU voltage combinations of our 1920x1080 resolution benchmarking suite. The plotted points are transparent, which allows them to add up to indicate more often used values. A light color means the clock/voltage combination is rarely used and a dark color means it's active more often.
Another interesting result! Usually, we would expect to see a stairs pattern here, representing different points on the card's voltage-frequency curve. Running any microchip at a lower frequency requires less voltage as well, which is good for power consumption. Defining such a voltage-frequency curve lets you exploit that behavior, resulting in improved power efficiency.
The first interesting result of this test is that unlike the Radeon RX 5700 XT, the RX 5700 runs at lower than 1 V all the time, whereas the XT runs at up to 1.2 V. What AMD did here is undervolt their GPU for improved power efficiency. This also explains the relatively low clocks the card is marketed at—running at substantially reduced voltage means the card can't handle clocks that are as high.
The second thing here is that there is no stairs pattern; it's just a vertical line. It looks as though AMD undervolted their card alright, but forgot to adjust the voltage-frequency curve accordingly. Instead, every frequency is tied to the same voltage of 0.987 V. This means some power efficiency is lost because lower clocks could run even a lower voltage, leading to a further reduction in power consumption.
Clock ProfilesModern graphics cards have several clock profiles that are selected to balance power draw and performance requirements.
The following table lists the clock settings for important performance scenarios and the GPU voltage that is used in those states.
|Desktop||6 MHz||100 MHz||0.775 V|
|Multi-Monitor||6 MHz||874 MHz||0.775 V|
|Media Playback||54 MHz||100 MHz||0.775 V|
|3D Load||1238 - 1725 MHz||1750 MHz||0.987 V|