Advanced Transient Response TestsIn these tests, we monitor the PSU's response in two different scenarios. First, a transient load (10 A at +12V, 5 A at 5V, 5 A at 3.3V, and 0.5 A at 5VSB) is applied to the PSU for 200 ms while the latter is working at 20% load. In the second scenario, the PSU, while working at 50% load, is hit by the same transient load. In both tests, we measure the voltage drops the transient load causes using our oscilloscope. The voltages should remain within the regulation limits defined by the ATX specification. We must stress here that these tests are crucial since they simulate transient loads a PSU is very likely to handle (e.g., booting a RAID array, an instant 100% load of CPU/VGAs, etc.). We call these tests Advanced Transient Response Tests, and they are designed to be very tough to master, especially for a PSU with a capacity below 500 W.
|Advanced Transient Response 20%|
|Advanced Transient Response 50%|
We were hoping the +12V rail wouldn't deviate by more than 1%, which the 650 GS wasn't able to pull off. However, deviations on 5V and 5VSB were low enough. The 3.3V rail's performance was average in both tests.
Below are the oscilloscope screenshots we took during Advanced Transient Response testing.
Transient Response at 20% Load
Transient Response at 50% Load
Turn-On Transient TestsWe measure the response of the PSU in simpler scenarios of transient load—during the power-on phase of the PSU—in the next set of tests. In the first test, we turn the PSU off, dial the maximum current 5VSB can output, and switch on the PSU. In the second test, we dial the maximum load +12V can handle and start the PSU while the PSU is in standby mode. In the last test, while the PSU is completely switched off (we cut off power or switch the PSU off by flipping its on/off switch), we dial the maximum load the +12V rail can handle before switching the PSU on from the loader and restoring power. The ATX specification states that recorded spikes on all rails should not exceed 10% of their nominal values (e.g., +10% for 12V is 13.2V, and 5.5V for 5V).
We didn't notice any spikes or large steps or waves on the rails in the first two tests; however, we did notice a period with increased ripple and a notable drop in voltage before it settled down in the third test.