Test SetupAll measurements were performed using two Chroma 6314A mainframes equipped with the following electronic loads: six 63123A [350 W each], one 63102A [100 W x2], and one 63101A [200 W]. The aforementioned equipment is capable of delivering 2500 W of load, and all loads are controlled by a custom-made software. We also used a Rigol DS2072A oscilloscope kindly sponsored by Batronix, a Picoscope 3424 oscilloscope, a Picotech TC-08 thermocouple data logger, two Fluke multimeters (models 289 and 175), and a Yokogawa WT210 power meter. We also included a wooden box, which, along with some heating elements, was used as a hot box. Finally, we had at our disposal three more oscilloscopes (Rigol VS5042, Stingray DS1M12, and a second Picoscope 3424), and a CEM DT-8852 sound level meter. In this article, you will find more details about our equipment and the review methodology we follow. Finally, we conduct all of our tests at 40°C-45°C ambient to simulate the environment seen inside a typical system with a higher accuracy, with 40°C-45°C being derived from a standard ambient assumption of 23°C and 17°C-22°C being added for the typical temperature rise within a system.
Primary Rails Voltage RegulationThe following charts show the voltage values of the main rails, recorded over a range from 60 W to the maximum specified load, and the deviation (in percent) for the same load range.
5VSB RegulationThe following chart shows how the 5VSB rail deals with the load we throw at it.
Hold-up TimeHold-up time is a very important PSU characteristic and represents the amount of time, usually measured in milliseconds, a PSU can maintain output regulations as defined by the ATX spec without input power. In other words, it is the amount of time the system can continue to run without shutting down or rebooting during a power interruption. The ATX specification sets the minimum hold-up time to 16 ms with the maximum continuous output load. In the following screenshot, the blue line is the mains signal and the yellow line is the "Power Good" signal. The latter is de-asserted to a low state when any of the +12V, 5V, or 3.3V output voltages fall below the undervoltage threshold, or after the mains power has been removed for a sufficiently long time to guarantee that the PSU cannot operate anymore.
Hold-up time unfortunately didn't reach 16 ms, so the unit failed this test. Units with such a high capacity struggle to achieve the minimum allowed time the ATX spec sets as there is only so much room on the main PCB for large bulk caps.
Inrush CurrentInrush current or switch-on surge refers to the maximum, instantaneous input-current drawn by an electrical device when it is first turned on. Because of the charging current of the APFC capacitor(s), PSUs produce large inrush-current right as they are turned on. Large inrush current can cause the tripping of circuit breakers and fuses and may also damage switches, relays, and bridge rectifiers; as a result, the lower the inrush current of a PSU right as it is turned on, the better.
While it didn't reach the required hold-up time, its bulk caps are still huge, so its inrush current was also pretty high.
Voltage Regulation and Efficiency MeasurementsThe first set of tests revealed the stability of the voltage rails and the efficiency of the Leadex-1200. The applied load was equal to (approximately) 20%, 40%, 50%, 60%, 80%, 100% and 110% of the maximum load that the PSU can handle.
We conducted two additional tests. In the first test, we stressed the two minor rails (5V and 3.3V) with a high load while the load at +12V was only 0.10 A. This test reveals whether the PSU is Haswell ready or not. In the second test, we dialed the maximum load the +12V rail can handle while the load on the minor rails was minimal.
Voltage regulation was within 1% for the three main rails (12V, 5V, and 3.3V), which is amazing as it is pretty hard to achieve such tight regulation for a 1.2 kW PSU. The big Leadex unit also didn't have a problem delivering 1320 W at over 45°C, and, as you can see in the table above, the fan only started its operation during the 40% load test to increase its speed in the 80% load test. The fan can be very noisy while the PSU is taxed heavily as it peaks at 2000 RPM, but pushing the Leadex-1200 W to its limit would be very hard in real life because its efficiency keeps its energy losses to a minimum, which would have the fan operate at very low RPM to take care of what little heat it produces.
|Voltage Regulation & Efficiency Testing Data - Super Flower SF-1200F-14MP|
|Test||12 V||5 V||3.3 V||5VSB||Power|
|Efficiency||Fan Speed||Fan Noise||Temp|
|20% Load||17.976A||1.982A||1.999A||0.996A||239.73W||92.00%||0 RPM||0 dBA||49.15°C||0.957|
|40% Load||36.365A||3.981A||4.006A||1.201A||479.61W||93.34%||1010 RPM||37.8 dBA||39.98°C||0.984|
|50% Load||45.440A||4.976A||5.014A||1.610A||599.53W||93.25%||1010 RPM||37.8 dBA||40.52°C||0.987|
|60% Load||54.546A||5.982A||6.024A||2.019A||719.45W||93.11%||1010 RPM||37.8 dBA||41.88°C||0.990|
|80% Load||72.989A||7.988A||8.051A||2.435A||959.25W||92.32%||1530 RPM||46.5 dBA||43.78°C||0.991|
|100% Load||92.340A||9.005A||9.074A||2.545A||1199.16W||91.50%||1995 RPM||53.2 dBA||44.99°C||0.991|
|110% Load||102.433A||9.009A||9.079A||2.550A||1319.12W||91.02%||1995 RPM||53.2 dBA||45.58°C||0.991|
|Crossload 1||0.096A||12.005A||12.005A||0.004A||100.94W||82.32%||1530 RPM||46.5 dBA||44.07°C||0.690|
|Crossload 2||99.942A||1.002A||1.003A||1.001A||1215.97W||91.86%||1995 RPM||53.2 dBA||45.04°C||0.991|