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ATI Radeon HD 5850

Graphics Processor
Cypress
Cores
1440
TMUs
72
ROPs
32
Memory Size
1024 MB
Memory Type
GDDR5
Bus Width
256 bit
GPU Chip
GPU
PCB Front
PCB Front
PCB Back
PCB Back
The Radeon HD 5850 was a performance graphics card by ATI, launched in September 2009. Built on the 40 nm process, and based on the Cypress graphics processor, in its Cypress PRO variant, the card supports DirectX 11.2. The Cypress graphics processor is a large chip with a die area of 334 mm² and 2,154 million transistors. Unlike the fully unlocked Radeon HD 5870 Mac Edition, which uses the same GPU but has all 1600 shaders enabled, ATI has disabled some shading units on the Radeon HD 5850 to reach the product's target shader count. It features 1440 shading units, 72 texture mapping units and 32 ROPs. ATI has placed 1,024 MB GDDR5 memory on the card, which are connected using a 256-bit memory interface. The GPU is operating at a frequency of 725 MHz, memory is running at 1000 MHz.
Being a dual-slot card, the ATI Radeon HD 5850 draws power from 2x 6-pin power connectors, with power draw rated at 151 W maximum. Display outputs include: 2x DVI, 1x HDMI, 1x DisplayPort. Radeon HD 5850 is connected to the rest of the system using a PCI-Express 2.0 x16 interface. The card measures 241 mm in length, and features a dual-slot cooling solution. Its price at launch was 299 US Dollars.

Graphics Processor

GPU Name
Cypress
GPU Variant
Cypress PRO
(215-0735043)
Architecture
TeraScale 2
Foundry
TSMC
Process Size
40 nm
Transistors
2,154 million
Die Size
334 mm²

Graphics Card

Release Date
Sep 30th, 2009
Generation
Evergreen
(HD 5800)
Production
End-of-life
Launch Price
299 USD
Bus Interface
PCIe 2.0 x16

Relative Performance

7%
GeForce 210
9%
GeForce 9400 GT
11%
Radeon HD 4550
14%
Radeon HD 5450
16%
Radeon HD 6450
17%
GeForce GT 520
21%
GeForce GT 220
28%
GeForce GT 430
28%
Radeon HD 5570
30%
Radeon HD 4670
32%
GeForce GT 440
33%
GeForce GT 240
38%
GeForce 9600 GT
40%
Radeon HD 5670
43%
GeForce GT 640
44%
GeForce 9800 GT
46%
Radeon HD 6670
48%
Radeon HD 4830
51%
Radeon HD 4770
54%
Radeon HD 4850
55%
GeForce GTS 250
56%
GeForce GTS 450
58%
Radeon HD 5750
67%
Radeon HD 7750
67%
Radeon HD 5770
68%
GeForce GTX 260
69%
Radeon HD 4870
69%
Radeon Vega 8
70%
GeForce GTX 550 Ti
71%
GeForce GTX 650
75%
Radeon HD 5830
79%
Radeon HD 6790
80%
Radeon HD 4890
83%
GeForce GTX 460
84%
Radeon RX Vega 11
84%
GeForce GT 1030
85%
GeForce GTX 275
85%
Radeon HD 7770 GHz Edition
86%
GeForce GTX 280
87%
GeForce GTX 465
91%
Radeon HD 6850
93%
GeForce GTX 285
100%
Radeon HD 5850
102%
GeForce GTX 650 Ti
102%
Radeon HD 7790
106%
Radeon RX 550
106%
GeForce GTX 470
110%
Radeon HD 6870
118%
Radeon HD 5870
121%
GeForce GTX 560 Ti
122%
Radeon HD 4870 X2
124%
GeForce GTX 750 Ti
125%
Radeon HD 6950
129%
GeForce GTX 295
131%
GeForce GTX 650 Ti Boost
132%
Radeon HD 7850
134%
GeForce GTX 480
140%
Radeon HD 6970
143%
Radeon R7 265
145%
Radeon R7 370
145%
Radeon RX 560
146%
GeForce GTX 660
146%
GeForce GTX 570
158%
GeForce GTX 950
159%
Radeon HD 7870 GHz Edition
163%
Radeon R9 270X
165%
GeForce GTX 660 Ti
166%
GeForce GTX 580
167%
GeForce GTX 1050
167%
Radeon HD 7950
170%
Radeon RX 460
171%
Radeon HD 5970
176%
GeForce GTX 760
189%
GeForce GTX 670
194%
GeForce GTX 960
199%
Radeon R9 380
200%
Radeon R9 285
202%
Radeon HD 7970
204%
GeForce GTX 680
209%
GeForce GTX 1050 Ti
214%
GeForce GTX 770
219%
Radeon HD 6990
225%
Radeon R9 280X
228%
GeForce GTX 590
228%
Radeon HD 7970 GHz Edition
252%
GeForce GTX 780
278%
Radeon RX 470
282%
Radeon R9 290
300%
Radeon R9 390
302%
Radeon R9 290X
306%
GeForce GTX 970
310%
GeForce GTX TITAN
313%
Radeon RX 570
314%
GeForce GTX 780 Ti
319%
Radeon R9 390X
320%
Radeon HD 7990
322%
Radeon RX 480
324%
GeForce GTX 690
342%
Radeon RX 580
349%
GeForce GTX 980
353%
GeForce GTX 1060 6 GB
353%
Radeon R9 FURY
355%
Radeon RX 590
389%
Radeon R9 295X2
396%
Radeon R9 FURY X
402%
GeForce GTX 980 Ti
432%
GeForce GTX TITAN X
456%
GeForce GTX 1070
476%
Radeon RX Vega 56
516%
GeForce GTX 1070 Ti
530%
GeForce RTX 2060
530%
Radeon RX Vega 64
543%
GeForce GTX 1080
623%
GeForce RTX 2070
623%
Radeon VII
654%
TITAN X Pascal
670%
GeForce GTX 1080 Ti
724%
GeForce RTX 2080
838%
GeForce RTX 2080 Ti
Based on TPU review data: "Performance Summary" at 1920x1080

Clock Speeds

GPU Clock
725 MHz
Memory Clock
1000 MHz
4000 MHz effective

Memory

Memory Size
1024 MB
Memory Type
GDDR5
Memory Bus
256 bit
Bandwidth
128.0 GB/s

Render Config

Shading Units
1440
TMUs
72
ROPs
32
Compute Units
18

Theoretical Performance

Pixel Rate
23.20 GPixel/s
Texture Rate
52.20 GTexel/s
FP32 (float) performance
2,088 GFLOPS
FP64 (double) performance
417.6 GFLOPS (1:5)

Board Design

Slot Width
Dual-slot
Length
9.5 inches
241 mm
TDP
151 W
Outputs
2x DVI
1x HDMI
1x DisplayPort
Power Connectors
2x 6-pin
Board Number
C002-37

Graphics Features

DirectX
11.2 (11_0)
OpenGL
4.4
OpenCL
1.2
Vulkan
N/A
Shader Model
5.0

Cypress GPU Notes

Graphics/Compute: GFX4
Display Core Engine: 4.0
Unified Video Decoder: 2.3

Retail boards based on this design (7)

Name GPU Clock Memory Clock Other Changes
HIS HD 5850 iCooler V Turbo 765 MHz 1125 MHz 10.63 inches/270 mm
Precision HD 5850 Laser Edition 725 MHz 900 MHz
Sapphire HD 5850 Toxic 765 MHz 1125 MHz 10.125 inches/257 mm
Sapphire HD 5850 Toxic 2 GB 765 MHz 1125 MHz 2 GB, 10.125 inches/257 mm
Sapphire HD 5850 Vapor-X 735 MHz 1050 MHz 10.125 inches/257 mm
Sapphire HD 5850 Vapor-X 2 GB 735 MHz 1050 MHz 2 GB, 10.125 inches/257 mm
XFX HD 5850 Black Edition 765 MHz 1125 MHz