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AMD Radeon R9 280X

Graphics Processor
Tahiti
Cores
2048
TMUs
128
ROPs
32
Memory Size
3 GB
Memory Type
GDDR5
Bus Width
384 bit
The Radeon R9 280X was a performance graphics card by AMD, launched in October 2013. Built on the 28 nm process, and based on the Tahiti graphics processor, in its Tahiti XTL variant, the card supports DirectX 12.0. The Tahiti graphics processor is a large chip with a die area of 352 mm² and 4,313 million transistors. It features 2048 shading units, 128 texture mapping units and 32 ROPs. AMD has placed 3,072 MB GDDR5 memory on the card, which are connected using a 384-bit memory interface. The GPU is operating at a frequency of 850 MHz, which can be boosted up to 1000 MHz, memory is running at 1500 MHz.
Being a dual-slot card, the AMD Radeon R9 280X draws power from 1x 6-pin + 1x 8-pin power connectors, with power draw rated at 250 W maximum. Display outputs include: 2x DVI, 1x HDMI, 1x DisplayPort. Radeon R9 280X is connected to the rest of the system using a PCI-Express 3.0 x16 interface. The card measures 275 mm in length, and features a dual-slot cooling solution. Its price at launch was 299 US Dollars.

Graphics Processor

GPU Name
Tahiti
GPU Variant
Tahiti XTL
(215-0821065)
Architecture
GCN 1.0
Foundry
TSMC
Process Size
28 nm
Transistors
4,313 million
Die Size
352 mm²

Graphics Card

Release Date
Oct 8th, 2013
Generation
Volcanic Islands
(R9 200)
Production
End-of-life
Launch Price
299 USD
Bus Interface
PCIe 3.0 x16
Reviews
105 in our database

Relative Performance

3%
GeForce 210
4%
GeForce 9400 GT
5%
Radeon HD 4550
6%
Radeon HD 5450
7%
Radeon HD 6450
8%
GeForce GT 520
9%
GeForce GT 220
12%
GeForce GT 430
12%
Radeon HD 5570
14%
Radeon HD 4670
14%
GeForce GT 440
15%
GeForce GT 240
17%
GeForce 9600 GT
18%
Radeon HD 5670
19%
GeForce GT 640
20%
GeForce 9800 GT
21%
Radeon HD 6670
21%
Radeon HD 4830
23%
Radeon HD 4770
24%
Radeon HD 4850
24%
GeForce GTS 250
25%
GeForce GTS 450
26%
Radeon HD 5750
30%
Radeon HD 7750
30%
Radeon HD 5770
30%
GeForce GTX 260
31%
Radeon HD 4870
31%
Radeon Vega 8
31%
GeForce GTX 550 Ti
31%
GeForce GTX 650
33%
Radeon HD 5830
35%
Radeon HD 6790
36%
Radeon HD 4890
37%
GeForce GTX 460
37%
Radeon RX Vega 11
38%
GeForce GT 1030
38%
GeForce GTX 275
38%
Radeon HD 7770 GHz Edition
38%
GeForce GTX 280
39%
GeForce GTX 465
41%
Radeon HD 6850
42%
GeForce GTX 285
45%
Radeon HD 5850
45%
GeForce GTX 650 Ti
45%
Radeon HD 7790
47%
Radeon RX 550
47%
GeForce GTX 470
49%
Radeon HD 6870
52%
Radeon HD 5870
54%
GeForce GTX 560 Ti
54%
Radeon HD 4870 X2
55%
GeForce GTX 750 Ti
56%
Radeon HD 6950
58%
GeForce GTX 295
58%
GeForce GTX 650 Ti Boost
59%
Radeon HD 7850
60%
GeForce GTX 480
62%
Radeon HD 6970
64%
Radeon R7 265
65%
Radeon RX 460
65%
Radeon R7 370
65%
GeForce GTX 660
65%
GeForce GTX 570
66%
Radeon RX 560
70%
GeForce GTX 950
71%
Radeon HD 7870 GHz Edition
73%
Radeon R9 270X
73%
GeForce GTX 660 Ti
74%
GeForce GTX 580
74%
GeForce GTX 1050
75%
Radeon HD 7950
76%
Radeon HD 5970
78%
GeForce GTX 760
84%
GeForce GTX 670
86%
GeForce GTX 960
89%
Radeon R9 380
89%
Radeon R9 285
90%
Radeon HD 7970
91%
GeForce GTX 680
93%
GeForce GTX 1050 Ti
95%
GeForce GTX 770
98%
Radeon HD 6990
100%
Radeon R9 280X
101%
GeForce GTX 590
101%
Radeon HD 7970 GHz Edition
112%
GeForce GTX 780
116%
GeForce GTX 1650
124%
Radeon RX 470
125%
Radeon R9 290
132%
Radeon RX 570
134%
Radeon R9 390
135%
Radeon R9 290X
136%
GeForce GTX 970
138%
GeForce GTX TITAN
140%
GeForce GTX 780 Ti
142%
Radeon R9 390X
143%
Radeon HD 7990
143%
Radeon RX 480
145%
GeForce GTX 690
152%
Radeon RX 580
155%
GeForce GTX 980
157%
Radeon R9 FURY
157%
GeForce GTX 1060 6 GB
164%
Radeon RX 590
173%
Radeon R9 295X2
174%
GeForce GTX 1660
176%
Radeon R9 FURY X
179%
GeForce GTX 980 Ti
184%
GeForce GTX TITAN X
200%
GeForce GTX 1660 Ti
200%
GeForce GTX 1070
213%
Radeon RX Vega 56
226%
GeForce GTX 1070 Ti
232%
Radeon RX Vega 64
235%
GeForce GTX 1080
235%
GeForce RTX 2060
245%
Radeon RX 5700
264%
GeForce RTX 2060 SUPER
274%
GeForce RTX 2070
281%
Radeon RX 5700 XT
284%
Radeon VII
291%
TITAN X Pascal
300%
GeForce GTX 1080 Ti
303%
GeForce RTX 2070 SUPER
322%
GeForce RTX 2080
342%
GeForce RTX 2080 SUPER
377%
GeForce RTX 2080 Ti
Based on TPU review data: "Performance Summary" at 1920x1080

Clock Speeds

Base Clock
850 MHz
Boost Clock
1000 MHz
Memory Clock
1500 MHz
6000 MHz effective

Memory

Memory Size
3 GB
Memory Type
GDDR5
Memory Bus
384 bit
Bandwidth
288.0 GB/s

Render Config

Shading Units
2048
TMUs
128
ROPs
32
Compute Units
32
L1 Cache
16 KB (per CU)
L2 Cache
768 KB

Theoretical Performance

Pixel Rate
32.00 GPixel/s
Texture Rate
128.0 GTexel/s
FP32 (float) performance
4.096 TFLOPS
FP64 (double) performance
1,024 GFLOPS (1:4)

Board Design

Slot Width
Dual-slot
Length
10.83 inches
275 mm
TDP
250 W
Suggested PSU
600 W
Outputs
2x DVI
1x HDMI
1x DisplayPort
Power Connectors
1x 6-pin + 1x 8-pin
Board Number
C386

Graphics Features

DirectX
12.0 (11_1)
OpenGL
4.6
OpenCL
1.2
Vulkan
1.1.101
Shader Model
5.1

Card Notes

Rebranded HD 7970

Tahiti GPU Notes

Architecture Codename: Southern Islands
CLRX Version: GCN 1.0
Graphics/Compute: GFX6 (gfx600)
Display Core Engine: 6.0
Unified Video Decoder: 3.2
Video Compression Engine: 1.0

Exact Transistor Count: 4,312,711,873

Retail boards based on this design (38)

Name GPU Clock Boost Clock Memory Clock Other Changes
ASUS R9 280X DirectCU II 850 MHz 1000 MHz 1500 MHz 11.2 inches/284 mm
ASUS R9 280X DirectCU II TOP 970 MHz 1070 MHz 1600 MHz 11.2 inches/284 mm
ASUS R9 280X DirectCU II TOP V2 970 MHz 1070 MHz 1500 MHz 11.2 inches/284 mm, Triple-slot, 2x DVI 4x DisplayPort
ASUS R9 280X DirectCU II V2 850 MHz 1000 MHz 1500 MHz 11.2 inches/284 mm, Triple-slot, 2x DVI 4x DisplayPort
ASUS ROG Matrix R9 280X 850 MHz 1000 MHz 1500 MHz 11.2 inches/284 mm, Triple-slot, 2x DVI 4x DisplayPort
ASUS ROG Matrix R9 280X Platinum 950 MHz 1100 MHz 1600 MHz 11.2 inches/284 mm, Triple-slot, 2x DVI 4x DisplayPort
Club 3D R9 280X royalKing 1050 MHz 1100 MHz 1500 MHz 10.43 inches/265 mm, 1x DVI 1x HDMI 2x mini-DisplayPort
Club 3D R9 280X royalQueen 925 MHz 1000 MHz 1500 MHz 10.43 inches/265 mm, 1x DVI 1x HDMI 2x mini-DisplayPort
Digital Alliance R9 280X 850 MHz 1000 MHz 1500 MHz
GIGABYTE R9 280X WindForce 3X OC 1000 MHz 1100 MHz 1500 MHz 11.2 inches/284 mm, 1x DVI 1x HDMI 2x mini-DisplayPort
GIGABYTE R9 280X WindForce 3X OC Battlefield 4 1000 MHz 1100 MHz 1500 MHz 11.22 inches/285 mm, 1x DVI 1x HDMI 2x mini-DisplayPort
GIGABYTE R9 280X WindForce 3X OC Rev. 2 1000 MHz 1100 MHz 1500 MHz 11.22 inches/285 mm, 1x DVI 1x HDMI 2x mini-DisplayPort
GIGABYTE R9 280X WindForce 3X OC Rev. 3 1000 MHz 1100 MHz 1500 MHz 11.65 inches/296 mm, 1x DVI 1x HDMI 2x mini-DisplayPort
GIGABYTE R9 280X WindForce 3X Rev. 3 850 MHz 1000 MHz 1500 MHz 11.65 inches/296 mm, 1x DVI 1x HDMI 2x mini-DisplayPort
HIS R9 280X iPower IceQ X2 Boost Clock 850 MHz 1000 MHz 1500 MHz 11.7 inches/297 mm, 1x DVI 1x HDMI 2x mini-DisplayPort
HIS R9 280X iPower IceQ X2 Turbo Boost Clock 1000 MHz 1050 MHz 1500 MHz 11.7 inches/297 mm, 1x DVI 1x HDMI 2x mini-DisplayPort
MSI R9 280X Gaming 850 MHz 1020 MHz 1500 MHz 10.6 inches/269 mm, 1x DVI 1x HDMI 2x mini-DisplayPort
MSI R9 280X Gaming 6 GB 850 MHz 1020 MHz 1500 MHz 6 GB, 10.6 inches/269 mm, 1x DVI 1x HDMI 2x mini-DisplayPort
MSI R9 280X Gaming Lite Edition 860 MHz 1020 MHz 1500 MHz 10.6 inches/269 mm, 1x DVI 1x HDMI 2x mini-DisplayPort
MSI R9 280X Gaming OC 1000 MHz 1050 MHz 1500 MHz 10.6 inches/269 mm, 1x DVI 1x HDMI 2x mini-DisplayPort
MSI R9 280X Gaming OC Battlefield 4 1000 MHz 1050 MHz 1500 MHz 1x DVI 1x HDMI 2x mini-DisplayPort
PowerColor R9 280X 850 MHz 1000 MHz 1500 MHz 10.43 inches/265 mm
PowerColor TurboDuo R9 280X OC 880 MHz 1030 MHz 1500 MHz 1x DVI 1x HDMI 2x mini-DisplayPort
PowerColor TurboDuo R9 280X OC Battlefield 4 880 MHz 1030 MHz 1500 MHz 1x DVI 1x HDMI 2x mini-DisplayPort
Sapphire Dual-X R9 280X OC 900 MHz 1050 MHz 1500 MHz 11.02 inches/280 mm
Sapphire Dual-X R9 280X OC 870 MHz 1020 MHz 1500 MHz 10.32 inches/262 mm
Sapphire Dual-X R9 280X OC Battlefield 4 870 MHz 1020 MHz 1500 MHz 10.32 inches/262 mm
Sapphire Dual-X R9 280X OC Battlefield 4 900 MHz 1050 MHz 1500 MHz 11.02 inches/280 mm
Sapphire Dual-X R9 280X Platinum Edition 870 MHz 1020 MHz 1500 MHz 10.32 inches/262 mm
Sapphire TOXIC R9 280X OC 1100 MHz 1150 MHz 1600 MHz 11.85 inches/301 mm, 2x DVI 1x HDMI 2x mini-DisplayPort
Sapphire Tri-X R9 280X OC 1000 MHz 1100 MHz 1600 MHz 12.1 inches/307 mm, 2x DVI 1x HDMI 2x mini-DisplayPort
Sapphire Tri-X R9 280X OC 870 MHz 1020 MHz 1500 MHz 12.1 inches/307 mm, 2x DVI 1x HDMI 2x mini-DisplayPort
Sapphire Vapor-X R9 280X OC 950 MHz 1070 MHz 1550 MHz 11.02 inches/280 mm
Sapphire Vapor-X R9 280X Tri-X OC 1000 MHz 1100 MHz 1500 MHz 12.13 inches/308 mm
VisionTek R9 280X 850 MHz 1000 MHz 1500 MHz
VTX3D R9 280X 850 MHz 1000 MHz 1500 MHz 1x DVI 1x HDMI 2x mini-DisplayPort
XFX Double D R9 280X 850 MHz 1000 MHz 1500 MHz 11.61 inches/295 mm, 2x DVI 1x HDMI 2x mini-DisplayPort
XFX Double D R9 280X Black Edition 1000 MHz 1080 MHz 1550 MHz 11.61 inches/295 mm, 2x DVI 1x HDMI 2x mini-DisplayPort