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NVIDIA GeForce GTX 590

GF110 x2
Graphics Processor
512 x2
Cores
64 x2
TMUs
48 x2
ROPs
1536 MB x2
Memory Size
GDDR5
Memory Type
384 bit x2
Bus Width
NVIDIA GeForce GTX 590 Photo NVIDIA GF110 Photo
The GeForce GTX 590 was a enthusiast-class graphics card by NVIDIA, launched in March 2011. Built on the 40 nm process, and based on the GF110 graphics processor, in its GF110-351-A1 variant, the card supports DirectX 12.0. The GF110 graphics processor is a large chip with a die area of 520 mm² and 3,000 million transistors. GeForce GTX 590 combines two graphics processors to increase performance. It features 512 shading units, 64 texture mapping units and 48 ROPs per GPU. NVIDIA has placed 3,072 MB GDDR5 memory on the card, which are connected using a 384-bit memory interface per GPU (each GPU manages 1,536 MB). The GPU is operating at a frequency of 608 MHz, memory is running at 854 MHz.
Being a dual-slot card, the NVIDIA GeForce GTX 590 draws power from 2x 8-pin power connectors, with power draw rated at 365 W maximum. Display outputs include: 3x DVI, 1x mini-DisplayPort. GeForce GTX 590 is connected to the rest of the system using a PCI-Express 2.0 x16 interface. The card measures 279 mm in length, and features a dual-slot cooling solution. Its price at launch was 699 US Dollars.

Graphics Processor

GPU Name
GF110
GPU Variant
GF110-351-A1
Architecture
Fermi 2.0
Process Size
40 nm
Transistors
3,000 million
Die Size
520 mm²

Graphics Card

Release Date
Mar 24th, 2011
Generation
GeForce 500
Production
End-of-life
Launch Price
699 USD
Bus Interface
PCIe 2.0 x16

Relative Performance

3%
4%
5%
6%
7%
8%
9%
12%
12%
13%
14%
14%
17%
18%
19%
19%
20%
21%
22%
24%
24%
25%
26%
29%
29%
30%
30%
30%
31%
31%
33%
35%
35%
36%
37%
37%
37%
38%
38%
38%
40%
41%
44%
45%
45%
47%
47%
48%
52%
53%
54%
55%
55%
57%
57%
58%
59%
62%
63%
64%
64%
64%
64%
69%
70%
72%
72%
73%
73%
74%
75%
75%
77%
83%
85%
87%
88%
89%
90%
92%
94%
96%
99%
100%
GeForce GTX 590
100%
111%
122%
124%
132%
133%
134%
136%
137%
138%
140%
141%
141%
142%
150%
153%
155%
155%
171%
174%
177%
190%
209%
216%
233%
233%
245%
287%
294%
321%
365%
Based on TPU review data: "Performance Summary" at 1920x1080

Clock Speeds

GPU Clock
608 MHz
Shader Clock
1215 MHz
Memory Clock
854 MHz
3416 MHz effective

Memory

Memory Size
1536 MB
Memory Type
GDDR5
Memory Bus
384 bit
Bandwidth
164.0 GB/s

Render Config

Shading Units
512
TMUs
64
ROPs
48
SM Count
16

Theoretical Performance

Pixel Rate
19.46 GPixel/s
Texture Rate
38.91 GTexel/s
FP32 (float) performance
1,244 GFLOPS
FP64 (double) performance
155.5 GFLOPS (1:8)

Board Design

Slot Width
Dual-slot
Length
11 inches
279 mm
TDP
365 W
Outputs
3x DVI
1x mini-DisplayPort
Power Connectors
2x 8-pin
Board Number
P1020

Graphics Features

DirectX
12.0 (11_0)
OpenGL
4.6
OpenCL
1.1
Vulkan
N/A
CUDA
2.0
Shader Model
5.1

Card Notes

Dual GPU design, 2x GF110
SFUs: 64 x2

GF110 GPU Notes

PureVideo HD: VP4
VDPAU: Feature Set C

Each Streaming Multiprocessor(SM) in the GPU architecture contains 32 SPs and 4 SFUs.

Each SP can fulfill up to two single precision operations FMA per clock.

Each SFU can fulfill up to four SF operations per clock.

The approximate ratio of operations FMA to operations SF is equal 4:1.

The theoretical shader performance in single-precision floating point operations(FMA)[FLOPSsp, GFLOPS] of the graphics card with shader count [n] and shader frequency [f, GHz], is estimated by the following: FLOPSsp f × n × 2.

Alternative formula: FLOPSsp f × m × (32 SPs × 2(FMA)). [m] - SM count.

Total Processing Power: FLOPSsp f × m × (32 SPs × 2(FMA) + 4 × 4 SFUs) or FLOPSsp f × n × 2.5.

Each SM in the GPU contains 4 texture filtering units for every texture address unit.

The complete die contains 64 texture address units and 256 texture filtering units.

Retail boards based on this design (9)

Name GPU Clock Memory Clock Other Changes
ASUS ROG MARS II 782 MHz 1002 MHz 13 inches/330 mm, Triple-slot, 2x DVI 1x HDMI 1x DisplayPort
Colorful GTX 590 608 MHz 854 MHz
EVGA GTX 590 CLASSIFIED 630 MHz 864 MHz
EVGA GTX 590 CLASSIFIED Hydro Copper 630 MHz 864 MHz
Palit GTX 590 608 MHz 854 MHz
POV / TGT GTX 590 Charged V2 641 MHz 907 MHz
POV / TGT GTX 590 Ultra Charged 692 MHz 928 MHz
POV / TGT GTX 590 Ultra Charged V2 671 MHz 854 MHz
ZOTAC GTX 590 608 MHz 854 MHz