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NVIDIA GeForce GTX 590

Graphics Processor
GF110 x2
Cores
512 x2
TMUs
64 x2
ROPs
48 x2
Memory Size
1536 MB x2
Memory Type
GDDR5
Bus Width
384 bit x2
GPU Chip
GPU
Back
Back
I/O
I/O
PCB Front
PCB Front
PCB Back
PCB Back
The GeForce GTX 590 was a enthusiast-class graphics card by NVIDIA, launched in March 2011. Built on the 40 nm process, and based on the GF110 graphics processor, in its GF110-351-A1 variant, the card supports DirectX 12.0. The GF110 graphics processor is a large chip with a die area of 520 mm² and 3,000 million transistors. GeForce GTX 590 combines two graphics processors to increase performance. It features 512 shading units, 64 texture mapping units and 48 ROPs per GPU. NVIDIA has placed 3,072 MB GDDR5 memory on the card, which are connected using a 384-bit memory interface per GPU (each GPU manages 1,536 MB). The GPU is operating at a frequency of 608 MHz, memory is running at 854 MHz.
Being a dual-slot card, the NVIDIA GeForce GTX 590 draws power from 2x 8-pin power connectors, with power draw rated at 365 W maximum. Display outputs include: 3x DVI, 1x mini-DisplayPort. GeForce GTX 590 is connected to the rest of the system using a PCI-Express 2.0 x16 interface. The card measures 279 mm in length, and features a dual-slot cooling solution. Its price at launch was 699 US Dollars.

Graphics Processor

GPU Name
GF110
GPU Variant
GF110-351-A1
Architecture
Fermi 2.0
Foundry
TSMC
Process Size
40 nm
Transistors
3,000 million
Die Size
520 mm²

Graphics Card

Release Date
Mar 24th, 2011
Generation
GeForce 500
Production
End-of-life
Launch Price
699 USD
Bus Interface
PCIe 2.0 x16
Reviews
36 in our database

Relative Performance

3%
GeForce 210
4%
GeForce 9400 GT
5%
Radeon HD 4550
6%
Radeon HD 5450
7%
Radeon HD 6450
8%
GeForce GT 520
9%
GeForce GT 220
12%
GeForce GT 430
12%
Radeon HD 5570
13%
Radeon HD 4670
14%
GeForce GT 440
14%
GeForce GT 240
17%
GeForce 9600 GT
18%
Radeon HD 5670
19%
GeForce GT 640
19%
GeForce 9800 GT
20%
Radeon HD 6670
21%
Radeon HD 4830
22%
Radeon HD 4770
24%
Radeon HD 4850
24%
GeForce GTS 250
25%
GeForce GTS 450
26%
Radeon HD 5750
29%
Radeon HD 7750
29%
Radeon HD 5770
30%
GeForce GTX 260
30%
Radeon HD 4870
30%
Radeon Vega 8
31%
GeForce GTX 550 Ti
31%
GeForce GTX 650
33%
Radeon HD 5830
35%
Radeon HD 6790
35%
Radeon HD 4890
36%
GeForce GTX 460
37%
Radeon RX Vega 11
37%
GeForce GT 1030
37%
GeForce GTX 275
38%
Radeon HD 7770 GHz Edition
38%
GeForce GTX 280
38%
GeForce GTX 465
40%
Radeon HD 6850
41%
GeForce GTX 285
44%
Radeon HD 5850
45%
GeForce GTX 650 Ti
45%
Radeon HD 7790
47%
Radeon RX 550
47%
GeForce GTX 470
48%
Radeon HD 6870
52%
Radeon HD 5870
53%
GeForce GTX 560 Ti
54%
Radeon HD 4870 X2
55%
GeForce GTX 750 Ti
55%
Radeon HD 6950
57%
GeForce GTX 295
57%
GeForce GTX 650 Ti Boost
58%
Radeon HD 7850
59%
GeForce GTX 480
62%
Radeon HD 6970
63%
Radeon R7 265
64%
Radeon RX 460
64%
Radeon R7 370
64%
GeForce GTX 660
64%
GeForce GTX 570
65%
Radeon RX 560
69%
GeForce GTX 950
70%
Radeon HD 7870 GHz Edition
72%
Radeon R9 270X
72%
GeForce GTX 660 Ti
73%
GeForce GTX 580
73%
GeForce GTX 1050
74%
Radeon HD 7950
75%
Radeon HD 5970
77%
GeForce GTX 760
83%
GeForce GTX 670
85%
GeForce GTX 960
87%
Radeon R9 380
88%
Radeon R9 285
89%
Radeon HD 7970
90%
GeForce GTX 680
92%
GeForce GTX 1050 Ti
94%
GeForce GTX 770
96%
Radeon HD 6990
99%
Radeon R9 280X
100%
GeForce GTX 590
100%
Radeon HD 7970 GHz Edition
111%
GeForce GTX 780
115%
GeForce GTX 1650
122%
Radeon RX 470
124%
Radeon R9 290
130%
Radeon RX 570
132%
Radeon R9 390
133%
Radeon R9 290X
134%
GeForce GTX 970
136%
GeForce GTX TITAN
138%
GeForce GTX 780 Ti
140%
Radeon R9 390X
141%
Radeon HD 7990
141%
Radeon RX 480
142%
GeForce GTX 690
150%
Radeon RX 580
153%
GeForce GTX 980
155%
Radeon R9 FURY
155%
GeForce GTX 1060 6 GB
162%
Radeon RX 590
171%
Radeon R9 295X2
172%
GeForce GTX 1660
174%
Radeon R9 FURY X
177%
GeForce GTX 980 Ti
181%
GeForce GTX TITAN X
197%
GeForce GTX 1660 Ti
197%
GeForce GTX 1070
210%
Radeon RX Vega 56
223%
GeForce GTX 1070 Ti
229%
Radeon RX Vega 64
232%
GeForce GTX 1080
232%
GeForce RTX 2060
242%
Radeon RX 5700
261%
GeForce RTX 2060 SUPER
270%
GeForce RTX 2070
277%
Radeon RX 5700 XT
280%
Radeon VII
287%
TITAN X Pascal
296%
GeForce GTX 1080 Ti
299%
GeForce RTX 2070 SUPER
318%
GeForce RTX 2080
337%
GeForce RTX 2080 SUPER
372%
GeForce RTX 2080 Ti
Based on TPU review data: "Performance Summary" at 1920x1080

Clock Speeds

GPU Clock
608 MHz
Shader Clock
1215 MHz
Memory Clock
854 MHz
3416 MHz effective

Memory

Memory Size
1536 MB
Memory Type
GDDR5
Memory Bus
384 bit
Bandwidth
164.0 GB/s

Render Config

Shading Units
512
TMUs
64
ROPs
48
SM Count
16
L1 Cache
64 KB (per SM)
L2 Cache
768 KB

Theoretical Performance

Pixel Rate
19.46 GPixel/s
Texture Rate
38.91 GTexel/s
FP32 (float) performance
1,244 GFLOPS
FP64 (double) performance
155.5 GFLOPS (1:8)

Board Design

Slot Width
Dual-slot
Length
11 inches
279 mm
TDP
365 W
Outputs
3x DVI
1x mini-DisplayPort
Power Connectors
2x 8-pin
Board Number
P1020

Graphics Features

DirectX
12.0 (11_0)
OpenGL
4.6
OpenCL
1.1
Vulkan
N/A
CUDA
2.0
Shader Model
5.1

Card Notes

Dual GPU design, 2x GF110

GF110 GPU Notes

Each Streaming Multiprocessor(SM) in the GPU architecture contains 32 SPs and 4 SFUs.

Each SP can fulfill up to two single precision operations FMA per clock.

Each SFU can fulfill up to four SF operations per clock.

The approximate ratio of operations FMA to operations SF is equal 4:1.

The theoretical shader performance in single-precision floating point operations(FMA)[FLOPSsp, GFLOPS] of the graphics card with shader count [n] and shader frequency [f, GHz], is estimated by the following: FLOPSsp f × n × 2.

Alternative formula: FLOPSsp f × m × (32 SPs × 2(FMA)). [m] - SM count.

Total Processing Power: FLOPSsp f × m × (32 SPs × 2(FMA) + 4 × 4 SFUs) or FLOPSsp f × n × 2.5.

Each SM in the GPU contains 4 texture filtering units for every texture address unit.

The complete die contains 64 texture address units and 256 texture filtering units.

Retail boards based on this design (9)

Name GPU Clock Memory Clock Other Changes
ASUS ROG MARS II 782 MHz 1002 MHz 13 inches/330 mm, Triple-slot, 2x DVI 1x HDMI 1x DisplayPort
Colorful GTX 590 608 MHz 854 MHz
EVGA GTX 590 CLASSIFIED 630 MHz 864 MHz
EVGA GTX 590 CLASSIFIED Hydro Copper 630 MHz 864 MHz
Palit GTX 590 608 MHz 854 MHz
POV / TGT GTX 590 Charged V2 641 MHz 907 MHz
POV / TGT GTX 590 Ultra Charged 692 MHz 928 MHz
POV / TGT GTX 590 Ultra Charged V2 671 MHz 854 MHz
ZOTAC GTX 590 608 MHz 854 MHz